Guide to the UE Local 107 Records, 1933-1987 UE.16.107

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
UE Local 107 Records
Creator
United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America. Local 107 (Essington, Pa.).
Collection Number
UE.16.107
Date
1933-1987
Extent
35.0 linear feet (28 boxes)
Abstract
Operating from 1936 to 1986 at the South Philadelphia Works of the Westinghouse Company in Lester, Pennsylvania and Essington, Pennsylvania, United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE) Local 107 represented workers in collective bargaining and sought the adjustment of grievances originating in contract and shop floor disputes. The bulk of the materials date from 1942 to 1987 and include correspondence, meeting minutes, publications, grievances, legal files, newspaper clippings, and subject files.

Preferred Citation

UE Local 107 Records, 1933-1987, UE.16.107, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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History

Initially, workers at the Lester plant chartered Local 107 under the American Federation of Labor. In 1936, Local 107 withdrew from AFL and affiliated with the newly created Congress of Industrial Organization(CIO). In November, the Lester workers voted to join a group of independent locals in the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America(UE).

In 1946, Local 107 succeeded in obtaining a $1 per hour increase in wages after organizing a four month strike. During the strike, children joined their parents on the picket lines and the company countered by securing court injunctions against mass picketing.

In 1948, two members of Local 107 were labeled as a "poor security risk" by the Navy. Based upon these accusations, the Westinghouse Company forced the two men to take an unpaid leave of absence until they could be cleared of the charges. The local responded with a work stoppage which convinced the company to reinstate the workers.

Throughout the early 1950s, Local 107 was raided by several unions, but successfully maintained its position in the South Philadelphia Works. The International Union of Electrical Workers (IUE), Patternmakers Union, and the International Association of Machinists all competed with Local 107 to represent workers in the South Philadelphia area plants.

In 1954, despite a vigorous campaign by Local 107, Westinghouse Electric relocated its Aviation Gas Turbine Division from the South Philadelphia area to Kansas City. This loss was followed by another in 1955, when the company decided to cancel all agreements with the local and push for a 20 percent wage cut. The threatened wage cut brought about a strike that lasted 299 days. In the midst of the strike, 26 union officers and members chose to spend 19 days in jail, rather than pay $27,000 in fines.

In 1960, Local 107 dedicated a new union hall, and 1962 marked the first year of the annual retiree banquets. Nonetheless, the 1960s and 1970s proved to be rather turbulent decades. In 1966, the local supported two strikes and approximately eight walkouts. Another strike occurred in 1969. Beginning in August 1970, Local 107 went on a 146 day strike to obtain higher job rates. In July 1976, the union participated in a nation-wide strike that lasted five days.

In order to facilitate contract negotiations and secure better conditions, the UE, IUE, and IBEW began coordinating their negotiations. The increased leverage at the bargaining table did not stop subcontracting and runaway shops, and, in 1977, the local responded by filing a brief with the National Labor Relations Board(NLRB), which sought to stop the practice of subcontracting without prior notification. Notwithstanding these efforts, the Lester workforce continued to diminish, and in December 1986, the Lester plant finally closed. Local 107 continued to operate on a limited basis for an additional year to assist displaced workers and retirees.

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Scope and Content Notes

This subgroup contains documents created or collected by UE Local 107 at Westinghouse plants in Lester and Essington, Pennsylvania, from 1933 to 1987. Included are materials concerning the function of the local, such as by-laws, financial records, publications, and minutes. Also present are records regarding work in the plant. These include grievances, job descriptions, and contracts between the local and Westinghouse. Newspaper clippings, correspondence, subject files, and legal files provide background on labor issues on the national and local levels. Photographs depict Local 107 members participating in lockouts, strikes, meetings, and other union events.

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Arrangement

Series 16.107.1. Constitution and Bylaws, 1946-1985

Series 16.107.2. Contract Files, 1943-1986

Series 16.107.3. Correspondence, 1943-1987

Series 16.107.4. Financial Records, 1944-1980

Series 16.107.5. Grievances, 1942-1986

Series 16.107.6. Legal Files, 1942-1985

Series 16.107.7. Minutes, 1933-1986

Series 16.107.8. Newspaper Clippings, 1955-1971

Series 16.107.9. Publications, 1948-1985

Series 16.107.10. Rate Ranges and Job Descriptions, 1941-1986

Series 16.107.11. Subject Files, 1940-1986

Series 16.107.12. Photographs

Series 16.107.13. Oversize Materials

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, June 2009

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

Access to the records of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America are closed for a period of twenty-five years after their creation. Access to individual legal case files and correspondence regarding discharges and discipline requires a signed confidentiality agreement.

Copyright

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Acquisition Information

Gift of United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America Local 107 in 1988.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Jaimie George in 2005 and the finding aid was revised by Zachary Brodt in August 2008.

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Related Materials

Related Material

UE National Office Records Relating to District 1 and District 1 Locals, 1936-1990s, UE.4.1.1, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

UE District 1 Records, 1950s-1986, UE.15.1, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

UE News Photograph Collection, 1933-1998, UE.14.1, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America. Local 107 (Essington, Pa.).
  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America. -- History
  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Aviation Gas Turbine Division.
  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Marine Division.
  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Steam Division.
  • Westinghouse Electric Corporation.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Essington (Pa.)
  • Lester (Pa.)
  • Philadelphia (Pa.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Glavin, Dennis
  • Price, James

Subject(s)

  • Electric industry workers -- Labor unions -- Pennsylvania -- History
  • Labor
  • Labor unions -- Organizing -- United States
  • Labor unions -- United States -- History -- 20th century

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Previous Citation

UE Local 107 Records, 1933-1987, UE.16.107, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America (UE) Local 107 Records, 1933-1987, UE:LOCAL107, Archives Service Center, University Library System, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  16.107.1. Constitution and Bylaws 1946-1985 

Scope and Contents note

Dating from 1946 to 1985, this series contains the constitution and bylaws for Local 107, as well as the yearly amendments.

  BoxFolder
Constitution and Bylaws, 1946-1959 11
  Folder
Constitutional Amendments, 1948 2
  Folder
Constitutional Amendments, 1967-1985 3-5

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Series  16.107.2. Contracts and Negotiations 1943-1986 

Scope and Contents note

This series is separated into two groups: contract materials between Westinghouse Electric Company and Local 107, and supplemental agreements between Westinghouse Electric Company and other UE locals. The Local 107 files are arranged chronologically and contain major contract agreements, supplemental agreements, data collected for negotiations, and union proposals, which focus on issues such as wage increases, job rates, pensions and benefit plans.

  Folder
Contract Materials, 1943-1986 6-19
  Folder
Contract of Westinghouse Salaried Employees, 1950-1966 20
  BoxFolder
Local Contract Supplements - District 1, 1946-1950 21
  Folder
Local Contract Supplements - District 2-3, 1947-1949 2
  Folder
Local Contract Supplements - District 4, 1946-1959 3
  Folder
Local Contract Supplements - District 6, 1946-1951 4
  Folder
Local Contract Supplements - District 7, 1946-1947 5
  Folder
Local Contract Supplements - Miscellaneous, 1946-1952 6

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Series  16.107.3. Correspondence 1943-1987 

Scope and Contents note

The correspondence files are arranged by correspondent or topic. Several files contain correspondence between Local 107 and Westinghouse Electric, which cover discharges, disciplinary actions, leaves of absence, and other employment issues. The UE District One files contain notifications for meetings and conventions, as well as general information on negotiations and other union business.

  Folder
Aviation Gas Turbine Division, 1953-1954 7
  Folder
Company Letters, 1976-1983 8
  Folder
Delaware County Industrial Council, 1949-1952 9
  Folder
Discharges, 1957-1984 10-12
  Folder
Disciplinary Cases, 1957-1969 13-14
  Folder
District One (UE), 1974-1987 15-19
  Folder
Financial, 1943-1949 20-23
  BoxFolder
Industrial Relations, 1962-1984 31-2
  Folder
Leave of Absence, 1963-1982 3
  Folder
Legal, 1957-1985 4-5
  Folder
Legislative Committee, 1957-1966 6
  Folder
Miscellaneous, 1947-1987 7-16
  Folder
Tomasetti, Nicholas, 1972-1977 17
  Folder
Union Statements, 1960-1963 18
  Folder
Wage Stabilization Board, 1952 19
  Folder
Works Engineering, 1943-1962 20

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Series  16.107.4. Financial Records 1944-1980 

Scope and Contents note

This series consists of audits, monthly financial statements, ledgers, and steward expenditures for Local 107, arranged by record type. This series also contains a folder of financial reports from UE District One.

  Folder
Audit, 1956-1972 21-22
  BoxFolder
Ledger, 1946-1951 41-2
  Folder
Monthly Financial Statements, 1944-1980 3-15
  Folder
Steward Expenditures, 1953-1980 16-23
  Folder
UE District One - Financial Statements, 1958-1969 24

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Series  16.107.5. Grievances 1942-1986 

Scope and Contents note

The grievance files are separated into two groups: grievance correspondence and grievance forms. The grievance correspondence is separated into company correspondence, which contains the company's answers to union grievances; and union correspondence, which states whether the company's response was satisfactory to the union or not. The grievance forms reveal the date, department and nature of the grievance. Several of the grievance form files also contain company responses and note whether the issue was settled, moved to the next step of the grievance procedure, or cause for strike action.

  BoxFolder
Correspondence - Company, 1942-1953 51-18
  Folder
Correspondence - Union - Fourth Level, 1970-1982 19-22
  BoxFolder
Correspondence - Union - General, 1957-1985 61-18
  Folder
Correspondence - Union - Inactive, 1944-1951 19-22
  BoxFolder
Forms - Aviation Gas Turbine Division, 1946-1955 71-3
  Folder
Forms - Balcony Department, 1958-1986 4-14
  Folder
Forms - Blade and Tool Department, 1955-1969 15-26
  BoxFolder
Forms - Blade and Tool Department, 1971-1986 81-2
  Folder
Forms - Control Shop, 1962-1984 3-6
  Folder
Forms - D and BD Division, 1958-1986 7-13
  Folder
Forms - Erecting, 1955-1984 14-21
  BoxFolder
Forms - General, 1954-1986 91-20
  BoxFolder
Forms - Heavy Machine, 1961-1986 101-9
  Folder
Forms - Inconsistent Time Values, 1947 10
  Folder
Forms - National Appeal Grievance, 1958-1959 11-13
  Folder
Forms - Production Department, 1958-1961 14-16
  Folder
Forms - Retirement, 1947-1949 17
  Folder
Forms - Rocket Division, 1963-1965 18
  Folder
Forms - Salary, 1957-1960 19-20
  Folder
Forms - Small Steam and Gas Turbine, 1958-1960 21-23
  BoxFolder
Forms - Small Steam and Gas Turbine, 1961-1985 111-8
  Folder
Forms - Steward Copy, 1950s-1980s 9
  BoxFolder
Forms - Steward Copy, 1950s-1980s 121-3
  BoxFolder
Forms - Strike Action, 1957-1967 131-8
  Folder
Forms - Transport and Stores, 1958-1986 9-20
  BoxFolder
Forms - Works Engineering Department, 1956-1986 141-10
  Folder
Forms - Y Building, 1955-1969 11-19

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Series  16.107.6. Legal Files 1942-1985 

Access Restrictions

Access to individual case files requires a signed confidentiality agreement.

Scope and Contents Notes

Topics represented in this series include the arbitration of grievances, equal employment issues, and strike litigation. The National Labor Relations Board and War Labor Board files focus on contract negotiations and representation elections.

  BoxFolder
Arbitrations, 1942-1985 151-22
  Folder
Equal Employment Opportunity - Class Action, 1976-1981 23-24
  Folder
Equal Employment Opportunity - General, 1967-1979 25-26
  BoxFolder
Equal Employment Opportunity - General, 1980-1985 161-3
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Certifications, 1941-1952 4
  Folder
NLRB - Charges Against Local 107, 1976-1977 5
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Concordville, 1980 6
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Miscellaneous, 1949-1980 7-10
  Folder
NLRB- Non Communist Affidavits, 1949-1959 11-13
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Salary, 1952, 1960 14-15
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Subcontracting, 1977-1978 16
  Folder
NLRB -Worker Adjustment Assistance, 1985 17
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board - Zieler Case, 1954 18
  Folder
Strike Related LitigatioN, 1955-1978 19-23
  Folder
War Labor Board - Broaches, 1944 24
  Folder
War Labor Board - Correspondence, 1943-1945 25-26
  Folder
War Labor Board - Miscellaneous, 1943-1944 27

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Series  16.107.7. Minutes 1933-1986 

Scope and Contents note

These files are separated into Executive Board, General Membership, Miscellaneous Minutes, and Roll Call. The executive board minutes date from 1946 to 1986 and contain reports from committees, the business agent, and financial secretary or treasurer. The minutes also provide information on events scheduled by the local, as well as brief descriptions of contract negotiations, major grievances, and communications from other UE locals and outside organizations. The general membership minutes date from 1947 to 1986 and duplicate much of the information from the executive board minutes. The roll call files date from 1933 to 1986 and list the attendance of Local 107 officers at executive board and general membership meetings.

  BoxFolder
Executive Board, 1946-1986 171-25
  BoxFolder
General Membership, 1947-1986 181-22
  Folder
Relief Advisory Committee, 1948-1949 23
  Folder
Salary, 1952-1957 24
  Folder
Stewards, 1949-1985 25
  Folder
Roll Call, 1933-1986 26-28

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Series  16.107.8. Newspaper Clippings 1955-1971 

Scope and Contents note

This series provides detailed accounts of contract negotiations and strikes. This series is an especially strong source of information on the 1955-1956 strike and the accompanying arrest of union leaders. The clippings are generally from Philadelphia based news organs with some articles from The Wall Street Journal.

  BoxFolder
Newspaper Clippings - Miscellaneous, 1959-1971 191-2
  Folder
Newspaper Clippings - Strike, 1955-1970 3-8

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Series  16.107.9. Publications 1948-1985 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains bulletins, newsletters, notices and pamphlets created by Local 107 from 1948 to 1985. The bulletins and notices focus on specific events such as elections, strikes and meetings. The newsletters describe contract negotiations, candidates for elections, committee activities and developments at the Westinghouse Electric Company. In addition to the Local 107 based publications, this series contains publications from the Congress of Industrial Organizations, UE National and Westinghouse Electric Company.

  Folder
Local 107 - Bulletins, 1948-1969 9-23
  BoxFolder
Local 107 - Bulletins, 1970-1985 201-8
  Folder
Local 107 - Newsletter, 1952-1981 9-23
  Folder
Local 107 - Notices, 1976-1986 24-28
  Folder
Local 107 - Pamphlets, 1947-1960s 29
  BoxFolder
Congress of Industrial Organizations, 1945-1949 211
  Folder
Government, 1947-1960 2-3
  Folder
Labor Report, 1959-1962 4
  Folder
United Auto Workers, 1949 5
  Folder
United Electrical Workers - Local 124, 1958 6
  Folder
United Electrical Workers - National, 1946-1949 7
  Folder
Westinghouse - Bulletin, 1974-1986 8-9
  Folder
Westinghouse - Journal, 1975-1976 10
  Folder
Westinghouse - Miscellaneous, 1959-1976 11
  Folder
Westinghouse - Powerlines, 1977-1979 12-13

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Series  16.107.10. Rate Ranges and Job Descriptions 1941-1986 

Scope and Contents note

Job descriptions were used for the salary negotiations and the rate/wage ranges show the graduations of pay for each position depending on rank. These records are arranged first by shop and then by type.

  Folder
Crane Operators, 1942-1967 14
  Folder
Control Shop, 1962-1966 15
  Folder
D Building, 1943-1960 16
  Folder
Erecting, 1943-1959 17
  Folder
General, 1942-1970 18-23
  Folder
Heavy Manufacturing, 1945-1967 24
  Folder
Light Shop, 1943-1961 25
  Folder
Tool and Die, 1942-1954 26
  Folder
Y Lab, 1954-1956 27
  BoxFolder
Hourly Seniority Progression Charts, undated 221-2
  Folder
Job Evaluations, 1942-1961 3
  Folder
Keysheets, 1941-1986 4
  Folder
Negotiations, 1951-1956, 1971 5-6
  Folder
Salary Classifications, undated 7-8
  Folder
Shop Steward Rates, 1963-1981 9-13

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Series  16.107.11. Subject Files 1940-1986 

Scope and Contents note

This series covers a variety of research topics such as conventions, insurance and strikes. This series also contains several files on Local 107 committees, which organized activities such as athletic events, elections, dances, banquets, and Christmas parties for the members and their families. These files consist of correspondence, publications, leaflets and other materials.

  BoxFolder
Athletic Committee, 1959-1981 231
  Folder
Cafeteria Representation, 1947-1980 2-4
  Folder
Check Off, 1946-1980 5
  Folder
Cost of Living Adjustments, 1959-1960 6
  Folder
Donations, 1970-1986 7
  Folder
Education Committee, 1949-1980 8-9
  Folder
Election Committee, 1963-1984 10-12
  Folder
Entertainment Committee, 1944-1985 13-16
  Folder
Executive Committee, 1945-1985 17
  Folder
Fair Employment Practices Committee, 1963-1981 18
  Folder
Foreign Trade, 1971-1972 19
  Folder
Four Day Week, 1949-1955 20
  BoxFolder
Grievance Procedure, 1949-1958 241
  Folder
Group Leaders, 1944-1947 2
  Folder
Human Resources Development Institute, 1969-1975 3-4
  Folder
Insurance, 1955-1977 5-6
  Folder
International Convention, 1944-1957 7-9
  Folder
Loans, 1958-1959 10
  Folder
Long Term Disability, 1972 11
  Folder
Lunch Hour Meetings, 1960-1961 12
  Folder
Main Office Supplies, 1941 13
  Folder
Measured Day Work, 1956-1960 14
  Folder
Medical, 1961-1985 15
  Folder
Medicare, 1967 16
  Folder
Membership Authorization, 1947-1949 17
  Folder
Membership Mailings, 1964-1971 18
  Folder
Miners Day Committee, 1950 19
  Folder
Miscellaneous Committees, 1948-1980 20
  Folder
Newspaper Committee, 1947-1969 21
  Folder
Non-Member Seniority Lists, 1958-1964 22
  Folder
Overtime Pay, 1942-1961 23
  Folder
Pennsylvania Industrial Council, 1947-1949 24
  Folder
Petitions, 1950s-1960s 25
  Folder
Philadelphia Wage Tax, 1944-1949 26
  Folder
Plant Reorganization, 1959 27
  Folder
Poll Tax, 1942-1946 28
  Folder
Protest Demonstration, 1950 29
  Folder
Publicity, 1954-1955 30
  Folder
Red Circle, 1957-1964 31
  Folder
Resolutions, 1940-1952 32
  Folder
Retirees Banquets, 1962-1973 33
  BoxFolder
Safety Committee, 1950 251
  Folder
Save Our Plant Committee, 1984 2
  Folder
Seniority and Layoff Procedures, 1944-1961 3
  Folder
Service Work, 1944-1952 4
  Folder
Shop Steward Appointments, 1977-1978 5
  Folder
Shop Steward Classes, 1944-1954 6
  Folder
Shop Steward Divisional Meetings, 1968 7
  Folder
Shop Steward General, 1960-1970 8
  Folder
Smith Act, 1952 9
  Folder
Strikes, 1946-1979 10-17
  Folder
Subcontracting, 1981-1983 18
  Folder
Taxes, 1945-1948 19
  Folder
Taft Hartley, 1947-1949 20
  Folder
Television Cameras, 1981 21
  Folder
Time Values, 1943-1948 22
  Folder
Training and Scholarship Committee, 1969-1976 23
  Folder
Training, 1951-1981 24-25
  Folder
Trak-Rak, 1961 26
  Folder
Unemployment Compensation, 1977-1978 27
  Folder
Wage Freeze, 1971 28
  Folder
Welders, 1942-1974 29
  Folder
Works Engineering, 1965-1975 30
  Box
Westinghouse Electric and UE Local 107, undated 26

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Series  16.107.12. Photographs 1940-1986 

Scope and Contents note

This series contains photographic prints and negatives of Local 107 events. Included are photographs of local strikes, lockouts, meetings, and members. Many of the photographs have not been identified.

  Box
Photographs, undated 27-28

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Series  16.107.13 Oversize Materials 

Scope and Content Notes

This material was added to the finding aid in January 2011.

  Map-caseDrawer
 1. John Schaeffer Obituary 101
 2. Charter for Local 107 Retirees Association by the National Council of Senior Citizens, 1979 

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