Guide to the Robert E. Butts Papers, 1908-1997 ASP.2000.01

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
Robert E. Butts Papers
Creator
Butts, Robert E.
Collection Number
ASP.2000.01
Date
1908-1997
Extent
15.0 linear feet
Abstract
Robert Earl Butts was a philosopher of science whose research interests included the work of Leibniz, Newton, Galileo, Whewell, and Kant. He spent most of his career as a faculty member at the University of Western Ontario and was active in professional organizations and publications in the history and philosophy of science. The papers consist of biographical materials, including educational documents, early writings and schoolwork, photographs, correspondence, and memorabilia; and professional materials, including correspondence, research and lecture notes, records of publications and professional organizations, and unpublished drafts.

Preferred Citation

Robert Earl Butts Papers, 1908-1997, ASP.2000.01, Archives of Scientific Philosophy, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

Robert Earl Butts was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1928 and died in 1997 in London, Ontario, Canada. After attending Manheim Township High School from 1943-1947, he earned his A.B. and A.M. in philosophy from Syracuse University in 1951 and 1952, respectively, and his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1957. He joined the philosophy department at the University of Western Ontario in 1963, where he would remain until his death. He also lectured at a number of prestigious institutions through fellowships and visiting appointments, including the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for Philosophy of Science.

Butts was an active author and researcher in the field of history and philosophy of science and was deeply involved in his professional community, maintaining close personal and professional relationships with many prominent philosophers of his time. He edited and authored monographs on Whewell, Newton, Galileo, and Kant, as well as contributing prolifically to professional journals, anthologies, and encyclopedias. He served as editor-in-chief of Philosophy of Science from 1980-1990, and was managing editor of the University of  Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science from 1979 until his death. He was chairman of the Canadian National Committee of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science from 1978 to 1991, and was an active member of many other professional organizations.

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Scope and Content Notes

The Robert Earl Butts Papers document Butts’ life and work as an academic in the field of scientific philosophy during the latter half of the twentieth century. Biographical materials consist of documents concerning Butts’ personal life as a son, brother, husband, father, and friend. There is particular emphasis on his early life in Pennsylvania and his education at Manheim Township High School, with a less significant amount of memorabilia relating to his later life.

The larger body of professional papers contains material concerning Butts’ active involvement in his community of academic peers. He played a leadership role in a number of national and international professional organizations and conferences, as well as writing and editing numerous publications and serving as a mentor to many of his peers and students. His papers document these and other functions that he carried out as a faculty member and philosopher.

The collection consists primarily of paper documents housed in legal-sized document boxes. Box 7 contains photographs, mostly family portraits from Butts’ early life. Box 28 contains a variety of alternative media, mainly cassette tapes and floppy disks, much of the content of which is unknown. Box 29 contains oversized documents such as diplomas and certificates. Materials are arranged either chronologically or alphabetically where possible. Untitled, undated, or miscellaneous materials are generally found at the end of the folder or file group. Additional scope and content notes are provided at the series and subseries level.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into the following four series:

Series I. Biographical Materials, 1908-1997

Series II. Professional Materials, 1951-1997

Series III. Multimedia, 1972-1997

Series IV. Oversized Materials, 1947-1994

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, April 2012

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Access Restrictions

Portions of the collection (approximately 2 linear feet) that contain personally identifiable, private, confidential, or sensitive information have been physically removed and are closed indefinitely to public access. This includes private correspondence between Butts and his family as well as legal and medical records and material containing confidential information about students and colleagues.

Copyright

The University of Pittsburgh holds the property rights to the material in this collection, but the copyright may still be held by the original creator/author. Researchers are therefore advised to follow the regulations set forth in the U.S. Copyright Code when publishing, quoting, or reproducing material from this collection without the consent of the creator/author or that go beyond what is allowed by fair use.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Valentine Watson Rodgers in May 2000.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Rebecca Crago in Summer 2010 and by Mary Margaret Fletcher in Fall 2011.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Nicholas Rescher Papers, 1957-2005, ASP.2009.01, Archives of Scientific Philosophy, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Canadian Philosophical Association.
  • International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science.
  • International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. Division of History of Science.
  • International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science. Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science.
  • International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science.
  • Pisa Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science. (1978)
  • Universität Konstanz.
  • University of Pittsburgh. Center for Philosophy of Science.
  • University of Western Ontario.

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Photographs
  • Slides (Photographs)

Geographic Name(s)

  • Lancaster (Pa.)
  • Manheim (Lancaster County, Pa. : Township)

Personal Name(s)

  • Butts, Robert E.
  • Mittelstrass, Jürgen

Subject(s)

  • College teachers -- Canada
  • Philosophers -- Canada
  • Philosophy, Canadian -- 20th century
  • Science -- Methodology -- History
  • Science -- Methodology -- Philosophy
  • Science -- Philosophy
  • Science -- Philosophy -- Congresses
  • Universities and colleges -- Faculty -- Canada

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Previous Citation

Robert Earl Butts Papers, 1908-1997, ASP.2000.01, Special Collections Department, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. Biographical Materials, 1908-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains material related to Butts’ upbringing, his personal life, and his relationships and activities outside of the professional community. Many of the documents are from the period of approximately 1943 to 1952, which encompasses Butts’ high school and undergraduate education. During this time, he was active in school and community activities such as Key Club, theater, student government, and the high school newspaper. From 1944-1945, Butts corresponded with his brother, who was stationed on the European front of World War II. He was also an avid writer in his youth; a number of folders and notebooks in this series are dedicated to poetry and prose that Butts wrote during his high school and college years.

The material from Butts’ later life in this series is concentrated on memorabilia such as invitations and newspaper clippings pertaining both to events in Butts’ own life and current events and topics that were of interest to him. There is also a large group of brochures and guides from his travels in Europe during the 1980s and 1990s.

Subseries  1. Educational Documents, 1941-1952 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries consists of report cards and other administrative materials relating to Butts’ education at the various institutions described above. Some material, mainly consisting of diplomas and other educational certificates, has been removed due to size restrictions and placed in Box 29.

  BoxFolder
Report Cards, 1941-1947 11
  Folder
Educational Documents from Syracuse, 1947-1952 2

Subseries  2. Schoolwork and Early Writings, 1945-1957 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries documents Butts’ development as a writer and scholar from high school through his years as a graduate student at Penn and Syracuse. It includes formal assignments as well as personal reflections and creative projects. The material in this series is unpublished and predates Butts’ formal work as an academic researcher.

  Folder
Notes and Assignments 3
  Folder
Pressed Flower Collection, 1945 4
  Folder
12th Grade English Notebook, 1946-1947 5
  Folder
Poetry and Prose from High School and College, 1947-1949 6
  Folder
Graduate School Papers, 1952-1954 7
  BoxFolder
Poetry and Prose, 1947-1951 21
  Folder
Doctoral Dissertation, Part 1: "Husserl’s Criticism of Hume’s Theory of Knowledge," University of Pennsylvania, 1957 2
  Folder
Doctoral Dissertation, Part 2: "Husserl’s Criticism of Hume’s Theory of Knowledge," University of Pennsylvania, 1957 3
  Folder
Master Thesis "Man in a World: The Ethics of Existentialism," Syracuse University, May 1952 4

Subseries  3. Memorabilia, 1908-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

The items in this subseries document the broad variety of Butt’s private activities and interests. Over the course of his life, he collected newspaper clippings documenting achievements and milestones for himself and his family, as well as some current events and general topics of interest; programs and brochures from various events he participated in or attended; and maps, brochures, and souvenirs from his travels, especially those in Europe during the 1970s, 80s, and 90s. This subseries also includes items such as report cards and yearbooks that belonged to Butts’ father and older brother.

  BoxFolder
Artwork by Butts and Others 31
  Folder
George Butts, Sr. School Materials, 1908-1923 2
  Folder
George Butts, Sr. Lancaster High Yearbook (2 Copies), 1918 3
  Folder
George Butts, Jr. School Projects 4
  Folder
George Butts, Jr. School Notes 5
  Folder
Clippings on George Butts, Jr. 6
  Folder
Clippings on George Butts, Sr., 1937 7
  Folder
Clippings on Death of Elizabeth A. Saylor Butts, 1942 8
  Folder
High School Yearbook, 1947 9
  Folder
High School Newspapers, 1945-1947 10
  Folder
High School Certificates and Awards, 1943-1947 11
  Folder
High School Invitations and Programs, 1944-1947 12
  Folder
High School Current Events (Clippings) 13
  Folder
High School Sports (Clippings) 14
  Folder
High School Theater (Clippings) 15
  Folder
High School Key Club (Clippings) 16
  Folder
High School Graduation (Clippings), 1947 17
  BoxFolder
Army Publications from World War II 41
  Folder
Official Army Photographs from World War II 2
  Folder
World War II Ration Books 3
  Folder
Syracuse University, 1952 4
  Folder
University of Pennsylvania, 1952-1957 5
  Folder
Phi Sigma Tau National Honor Society for Philosophy, 1956 6
  Folder
High School Reunion (Clipping) 7
  Folder
Birth and Wedding Announcements and Invitations 8
  Folder
Creationism (Clippings) 9
  Folder
George Rockwell Visits Bucknell (Clippings), 1961-1962 10
  Folder
Issues of Western News, 1990-1996 11
  Folder
Lancaster Intelligencer-Journal, Grandmother's 100th Birthday, December 5, 1979 12
  Folder
Personal Forecast and Life Development Chart Prepared by Irene Hughes of Astral Sciences International, 1991 13
  Folder
Notes Found in Books from Butts' Personal Library 14
  Folder
Event Programs, 1972-1994 15
  BoxFolder
Souvenirs 51
  Folder
Travel - Association Terre de Rhedae 2
  Folder
Guidebooks 3
  Folder
Maps and Brochures 4
  Folder
Travel Receipts and Expense Reports, 1973-1996 5
  Folder
Executive Travel London Ltd. (Correspondence and Paperwork), 1982-1985 6
  BoxFolder
Album of Travel Brochures and Postcards 61

Subseries  4. Material Related to Butts' Death, 1997 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries consists mostly of correspondence that occurred between his widow and grieving family, friends, and colleagues after Butt’s sudden death in 1997. Also included are some funeral plans and copies of obituaries from various publications.

  Folder
Letters from Valentine Watson Rodgers to Friends, Family, and Colleagues, 1997 2
  Folder
Obituaries and Funeral Plans, 1997 3
  Folder
Condolences (Notes and Cards), 1997 4
  Folder
Condolences (Letters and Emails), 1997 5

Subseries  5. Personal Correspondence 

Scope and Content Notes

The correspondence in this subseries is mostly of a general nature, consisting of notes, letters, and cards that Butts exchanged with various family members and friends over the course of his life. Of particular note are the 1944-1945 letters from his older brother, who was stationed in Europe during World War II. Due to their private and/or sensitive nature, a large number of documents from this subseries are included in the restricted material described at the beginning of this finding aid.

  Folder
Childhood Correspondence, 1935-1936 6
  Folder
Correspondence with George Butts, Jr. During WWII, 1944-1945 7
  Folder
General Correspondence with Friends and Family, 1982 8
  Folder
High School Alumni Association, 1982-1995 9
  Folder
Vendors and Organizations, 1976-1985 10
  Folder
Postcards and Greeting Cards, 1942, 1983-1994 11
  Folder
Christmas Cards 12
  Folder
Birthday Cards (Mostly 60th), 1988 13

Subseries  6. Photographs 

Scope and Content Notes

Most of the photographs in this subseries are family photographs from Butts’ youth, including both studio portraits and candids, and group photos of student organizations from his time at Manheim Township High School. Images that hung framed in his office, many of them of Kant, comprise another significant portion of this subseries. Of particular note is the baby book that Butts’ parents filled out for him shortly after his birth in 1928; an infant’s knit garment in excellent condition was found tucked into the back cover and remains in the file.

  BoxFolder
Portrait of Butts, Brother George, and Mother Elizabeth 71
  Folder
George Butts, Sr. and Brother John Butts 2
  Folder
George Butts, Sr. Holding George Butts, Jr. 3
  Folder
Family Vacation 4
  Folder
Class Photo, possibly of George Butts, Sr. 5
  Folder
Baby Photo of "George," possibly George Butts, Jr. 6
  Folder
Unidentified Baby Photos 7
  Folder
Portraits of Butts and Brother George as Children 8
  Folder
High School 9
  Folder
High School Theater 10
  Folder
High School Sports 11
  Folder
Signed Portraits of Performers 12
  Folder
Framed Photo: "O. Baumberger: Zwingli - Schweiz. Komission fur gute religiose Bilder" 13
  Folder
Family Photos 14
  Folder
Photos of Kant 15
  Folder
Miscellaneous Family Photos 16
  Folder
Travel Photos 17
  Folder
Polaroids and Slides of Silversmith Work 18
  Folder
Album of Postcards and Photos 19
  Folder
Baby Book 20
  Folder
Art Slides 21

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Series  II. Professional Materials, 1951-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

This series contains documents pertaining to Butts’ life and work as a researcher, author, and active member of his professional community. The papers in this series document Butt’s longtime involvement in a variety of professional activities and the respect and camaraderie he enjoyed among his academic peers. The largest portion of this series is dedicated to unpublished drafts of works authored by both Butts and his peers; he was frequently consulted as both an official referee and an informal colleague.

Researchers will notice the same names and subjects appearing in multiple locations throughout the series; this is due to the intimate nature of the field of scientific philosophy, in which the same actors appear as journal contributors, book editors, grant applicants, committee members, and close personal friends at various points in Butt’s life.

Subseries  1. Research, Writing, and Publication, 1951-1996 

Scope and Content Notes

Butts was active as both an author and editor of publications in the field of scientific philosophy. These functions are also closely related to his role as a researcher and an academic. This subseries consists of a broad variety of materials that document these interrelated professional functions. Of particular note is the extensive correspondence with authors and editors that Butts conducted in his capacity as editor of the Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, published by Reidel and later Kluwer Academic Publishers from 1973-1996, which is arranged chronologically in Section 1 of the subseries. This is distinct from the correspondence in Section 3, which relates to individual works that Butts personally wrote or edited. Also significant is the large number of unpublished drafts of Butts’ academic work found in Section 2.

 1. Publications Edited by Butts, 1973-1996 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains two groups of material: correspondence and administrative records related to the publications that Butts oversaw, and reviews of those publications. The latter are listed according to the author of the work being reviewed.

  BoxFolder
Western Ontario Series Contract (Reidel), 1973 81
  Folder
Western Ontario Series Publishing Agreements (Kluwer and Reidel), 1973-1994 2
  Folder
Reidel Royalty Statements, 1973-1988 3
  Folder
Kluwer Royalty Statements, 1990-1992 4
  Folder
Western Ontario Series Financial Records, 1973-1989 5
  Folder
Western Ontario Series General Correspondence, 1974-1994 6
  Folder
Reidel Correspondence, 1974-1980 7-9
  Folder
Reidel Correspondence, 1982-1984 10-12
  BoxFolder
Reidel Correspondence, 1985-1988 91-4
  Folder
Kluwer Correspondence, 1987-1993 5-11
  BoxFolder
Kluwer Correspondence, 1994 101
  Folder
Kluwer Correspondence, 1996 2
  Folder
Philosophy of Science Weekly Reports, 1983 3
  Folder
Philosophy of Science General Correspondence, 1978-1986 4
  Folder
Review of William Shea's "Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Science," 1976 5
  Folder
Review of Fred Wilson's "Empiricism and Darwin's Science," 1991 6
  Folder
Review of Henry B. Hollinger and Michael J. Zenzen's "The Nature of Irreversibility," 1985 7
  Folder
Review of Michael Ruse's "Is Science Sexist?" 8
  Folder
Review of Nicholas Rescher's "Leibniz's Metaphysics of Nature," 1981 9
  Folder
Review of I.B. NacNeill and G.J. Umphrey's "Stochastic Hydrology," 1987 10
  Folder
Review of C.A. Hooker, ed., Physical Theory as Logico-Operational Structure, 1979 11
  Folder
Review of Larry Laudan's "Science and Hypothesis," 1981 12
  Folder
Review of Graham Oddie's "Likeness to Truth," 1986 13
  Folder
Review of James Robert Brown and Jurgen Mittelstrass, eds., An Intimate Relation, 1989 14
  Folder
Review of James Robert Brown's "Scientific Rationality: The Sociological Turn," 1984 15
  Folder
Reviews of Jürgen Mittelstrass, ed., Enzyklopadie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie 16
  Folder
Review of Jürgen Mittelstrass' "Zwei Erfahrungsbegriffe" 17
  Folder
Review Clippings from Reidel 18

 2. Unpublished Drafts by Butts, 1965-1996 

  Folder
"The Appraisal of Scientific Theories: A New Use of the Internal/External Distinction" (Abstract) 19
  Folder
“Comment on L. Jonathan Cohen, ‘Some Historical Remarks on the Baconian Conception of Probability’,” Author’s Proof 19a
  Folder
"Experience and Experiment as Regulative Principles in Methodology," 1973 20
  Folder
"The Grammar of Reason" 21
  Folder
"The Grammar of Reason: Hamann's Challenge to Kant," 1985 22
  Folder
"Induction as Unification: Kant, Whewell, and Recent Developments," May 1992 23
  Folder
"Kant and the Problem of Locating Souls," November 1985 24
  Folder
"Kant on Revolutionary Changes in the Methods of the Sciences," April 1988 25
  Folder
"Kant's Alleged Failure to Construct the Concepts of Fundamental Forces," May 1985 26
  Folder
"Kant's Dialectic and the Logic of Illusion," May 1995 27
  Folder
"Kant's Philosophy of Science: The Transition from Metaphysics to Science," 1984 28
  Folder
"Kant's Proof of the Objective Reality of the Categories" 29
  Folder
"Kant's Realization of 'Galileo's Program'," June 1974 30
  Folder
"Kant's Theory of Musical Sound: An Early Exercise in Cognitive Science" 31
  Folder
"Herschel, John Frederick William" 32
  BoxFolder
"Leibniz on Empirical Methodology," 1983 111
  Folder
"Leibniz on Choosing Between Rival Scientific Hypotheses," September 1990 2
  Folder
"Leibniz on the Side of Angels," Spring 1982 3
  Folder
"Metaphysical Mirages and Kant's Logic of Illusion," March 1994 4
  Folder
"Metaphysics, Methodology, and the Pragmatic Unity of the Science," June 1990 5
  Folder
"The Methodological Structure of Kant's Metaphysics of Science," 1984 6
  Folder
"Methodological Structure of Metaphysics of Science" 7
  Folder
"'Le Mouvement...n'est pas une chose entierement reele': Leibniz, Discours de Metaphysique" 8
  Folder
"Necessary Truth in Whewell's Theory of Science," July 1965 9
  Folder
"Orthodoxy in Philosophy of Science, 1930-1962: How Did It Come About?," January 1987 10
  Folder
"Philosophers as Professional Relativists" 11
  Folder
"Philosophy of Science in the Nineteenth Century" 12
  Folder
"Pragmatism in Theories of Induction in the Victorian Era: Herschel, Whewell, Mach, and Mill," January 1984 13
  Folder
"Proceeding Case by Case: Saving the Methodological Appearances," March-April 1984 14
  Folder
"Proceeding Case by Case: Saving the Methodological Appearances" (Appendix) 15
  Folder
"'A Purely Scientific Temper': Victorian Expressions of the Ideal of an Autonomous Science," April 5, 1983 16
  Folder
"The Reception of German Scientific Philosophy in North America: 1930-1962," March 1996 17
  Folder
"The Role of Arational Factors in Interpretive History: The Case of Kant and ESP," January 1983 18
  Folder
"Rules, Examples, and Constructions: Kant's Theory of Mathematics" (2 Proofs) 19
  Folder
"Science and the Humanities: A Historical and Analytical Comparison," November 1991-December 1992 20
  Folder
"Spencer, Herbert" 21
  Folder
"Testability" 22
  Folder
"Two Stories About Evil: Christianity and the Creation of Witches," 1992 23
  Folder
Untitled, Coauthored by James R. Brown 24
  Folder
William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method (Proposal and Outline) 25
  Folder
"Whewell on Newton's Rules of Philosophizing," Winter 1965 26
  Folder
"Whewell's Inductive Tables" (2 Copies) 27
  Folder
"Whewell, William" 28

 3. Works Authored and Edited by Butts: Correspondence and Administrative Documents, 1970-1986 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains mainly correspondence concerning the specific publication projects and related administrative documents, not the drafts of the publications themselves.

  BoxFolder
The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, ed. Audi, Cambridge University Press 121
  Folder
The Canadian Encyclopedia, New Canadian Encyclopedia Publishing 2
  Folder
A Companion to Metaphysics, ed. Sosa and Kim, Blackwell 3
  Folder
A Companion to the Philosophy of Science, ed. Newton-Smith, Blackwell 4
  Folder
Constructivism and Science: Essays in Recent German Philosophy, ed. Butts and Brown, Kluwer 5
  Folder
Dictionary of Scientific Biography, ed. Gillespie, Scribner 6
  Folder
The Epistemological Assumptions of Four Great Physicists, ed. John T. Blackmore 7
  Folder
"The Grammar of Reason: Hamann's Challenge to Kant" in Synthese 8
  Folder
The International Who's Who of Intellectuals, International Biography Center 9
  Folder
Kant and the Double Government Methodology, Italian Translation by Mary Fornai 10
  Folder
"Kant's Theory of Musical Sound: An Early Exercise in Cognitive Science" in Dialogue 11
  Folder
Logic and the Workings of the Mind, ed. Falkenstein 12
  Folder
Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft, trans. Butts and Friedman 13
  Folder
The Methodological Heritage of Newton, ed. Butts and Davis, University of Toronto Press 14
  Folder
"On Buchdahl's and Palter's Papers" in Synthese 23, 1971 15
  Folder
Philosophia 16
  Folder
"Philosophy of Science in Canada" in Ruch Filozoficzny Kwartalnik 17
  Folder
Project Pragmatik Published by Felix Meiner Verlag, 1982-1986 18
  Folder
Reader to Nicholas Rescher's "System of Pragmatic Idealism" 19
  Folder
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Craig, Routledge 20
  Folder
Science, Decision, and Value, ed. Butts, Leach, and Pearce, Reidel 21
  Folder
"Sciences and Pseudosciences: An Attempt at a New Form of Demarcation" in Earman et al., ed., University of Pittsburgh Press 22
  Folder
"Scientific Progress: The Laudan Manifesto" in Philosophy of Social Science 23
  Folder
The Scientific Revolution: An Encyclopedia, ed. Applebaum 24
  Folder
"Teleology and Scientific Method in Kant's Critique of Judgement" in NOUS 25
  Folder
William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method, ed. Butts, University of Pittsburgh Press/Hackett 26
  Folder
General Correspondence re: Publishing 27
  Folder
Unidentified Correspondence re: Possibility of Butts Anthology 28
  Folder
Reviews of William Whewell's Theory of Scientific Method, 1969 29
  Folder
Reviews of New Perspectives on Galileo, 1978 30
  Folder
Reviews of Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, 1977 31
  Folder
Reviews of The Methodological Heritage of Newton, 1970 32
  Folder
Review of Kant's Philosophy of Physical Science, 1986 33

 4.  Kant and the Double Government Methodology: Supersensibility and Method in Kant's Philosophy of Science: Drafts, Correspondence, and Reviews, 1982-1990 

Scope and Content Notes

This section contains drafts for Butts' published work Kant and the Double Government Methodology, as well as related documents such as reviews, correspondence, and permission to publish requests.

  BoxFolder
Preface I: "An Ordinary Preface," Typescript 12a1
  Folder
"Preface II: Points of Reference," Typescript 2
  Folder
"Preface I and II," Typescript with Handwritten Corrections 3
  Folder
"Introduction," Typescript 4
  Folder
Chapter I: "Metaphysical Explanation in Leibniz: The Monads," Typescript 5
  Folder
Chapter II: "Leibniz On the Side of Angels," Typescript 6
  Folder
Chapter III: "Kant, ESP, and the Inaugural Disseration" 7
  Folder
Chapter IV: "Soemmering and Euler: Space and the Soul" 8
  Folder
Chapter V: "Kant: Space and the Soul" 9
  Folder
Chapter VI: "Rules, Images and Constructions: Kan'ts Constructive Idealism" 10
  Folder
Chapter VII: "Two Fundamental Principles of Methodology" 11
  Folder
Chapter VIII: "Hypotheses in Science" 12
  Folder
Chapter IX: "The Restauration of Teleology" 13
  BoxFolder
"Central Nervous System: Philosophers as Dieticians of the Mind" 12b1
  Folder
Table of Contents, Preface and Excerpts 2
  Folder
Chapter Fragments 3
  Folder
"Seeing Ghosts: Immanuel Kant's Investigation of Mental Disorders and the Paranormal," 1982 4
  Folder
Bibliography: References to Works of Kant 5
  Folder
Indexes and Bibliographies for KDGM 6
  Folder
Notes and Articles on Kant by Butts and Others 7
  Folder
Anonymous Review of KDGM 8
  Folder
Publication Guidelines by the University of Toronto Press 9
  Folder
Permission Requests for KDGM, 1983-1984 10
  Folder
Reviews of and Responses to KGDM, 1984-1990 11

 5. Research, 1951-1992 

  BoxFolder
CVs 131
  Folder
Lists of Publications and Presentations, 1984-1994 2
  Folder
Material Related to CVs and Publication Lists 3
  Folder
Unidentified Bibliographies and Indices 4
  Folder
A Selective Bibliography on Kant by Ralph C.S. Walker, 2nd Edition, 1978 5
  Folder
Bibliography of Kant Literature for 1987, Part II and for 1988, Part I 6
  Folder
Bibliography of Kant Literature for 1989, Part IV 7
  Folder
Bibliography of Kant Literature for 1991, Part IV and for 1992, Part II 8
  Folder
A Bibliography of William Whewell, 1814-1900 9
  Folder
Charts and Tables 10
  Folder
Correspondence and Forms re: Research Grants, 1980-1982 11
  Folder
Edward C. Pickering and the Transformation of American Astronomy, 1840-1920 (Project Description) 12
  Folder
Philosophical Views of Scientific Change: The History of the Ice Age Hypothesis, 1830-1880 (Book Proposal) 13
  Folder
Mechanisms of Value-Change in Science (Draft Prospectus) 14
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Miscellaneous/Unidentified Notes 15
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The Criterion of Cognitive (Empirical) Significance to the Verificationist Principle (Notes) 16
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Mill's Argument for the Triviality of Prediction, Logic bk. III, ch. XIV, 6 (Notes) 17
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Inserts 1-5 on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and the History of Modern Natural Science (Notes) 18
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A Suggested Reconstruction of the Argument of the 2nd Analogy (Notes) 19
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Kant: The Four Moments of a Judgement of Taste (des Geschmacksurteils) (Notes) 20
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Physics III (Notes) 21
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Epistemology in the Aufbau (Notes on a Talk by M. Friedman) 22
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Methodological Components of Scientific Theory (A Kantian Formulation) (Notes) 23
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Notes on Similarity and Equality, 1982 24
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Notes on Specification, 1983 25
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Introductory Remarks on Critique of Judgement (Notes) 26
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Kant, Hamann, Schelling, and Jung: The Rhetoric and Psychology of Symbolism (Notes) 27
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Van Fraassen and Realism/Anti-Realism (Notes) 28
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Bas's Constructive Empiricism (Notes) 29
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Socialism (Notes) 30
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Analysis of Meanings of Two Terms Prominent in Social and Political Thinking (Dr. Ward) (Notes) 31
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Bentham (Notes), September 29, 1951 32
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J.S. Mill - Essays on Nature, Utility of Religion (1859), and Theism (1870) (Notes) 33
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The Perennial Social Tension: 'I' and/or 'We': An Examination Into the Pertinence of J.S. Mills' Essay on Liberty (Notes) 34
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Herbert Spencer, First Principles (1864) (Notes) 35
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Herbert Spencer, Transcendental Philosophy (1857) (Notes) 36
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J.S. Mill - System of Logic ("The Canons of Induction" - bk. III, ch. VIII) (Notes) 37
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J.S. Mill, On Liberty (Outline of Contents) 38
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J.S. Mill - On the Logic of the Moral Sciences (Book VI, Logic) (Notes) 39
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Mechanics - Newton, Mach, Kant (Notes) 40
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Leibniz Cohesion (Notes) 41
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The Conceptual Framework of Kant's Philosophy of Science (Notes) 42
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Letter to Qualiton Imports, Ltd. re: Glass Harmonica Recordings, 1995 43
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Introduction for David Savan: "Postmodernist Philosophy and Nietzsche" - University of Western Ontario, March 1987 44
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Comments on L.L. Laudan, "William Whewell on the Consilience of Inductions" 45
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Critique of Pure Reason 1781-1981, Faculty of Arts, March 10, 1981 46
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The Worlds of Kant - Leibniz Conference, November 1982 47
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Comments on Gregory Good, "Method, Science, and the Historical Approach" - History of Science Society, Norwalk, CT, October 1983 48
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Comment: Glenn Hartz, "Kant's Mature Metaphysic of Matter" - American Philosophical Association, St. Louis, MO, May 1986 49
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Comments on Michael Ruse, "William Whewell and the Argument from Design" - Canadian Philosophical Association, June 1974 50
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Comments on David Wilson "A Physicist's Alternative to Materialism" - History of Science Society Annual Meeting, Norwalk, CT, October 1983 51
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Comments on Paul Theerman "Maxwell and Method" - History of Science Society Annual Meeting, Norwalk, CT, October 1983 52
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Research Notes on Whewell: Notebook I 13a1
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Research Notes on Whewell: Notebook II 2
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Research Notes on Whewell: Notebook III 3
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Research Notes on Whewell: Notebook IV 4
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Research Notes on Whewell: Notebook V 5

Subseries  2. Teaching, 1954-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

The items in this subseries document Butts’ function as an instructor and faculty member at various institutions, particularly the University of Western Ontario. The majority of the documents pertaining to the courses that Butts taught are in the form of teaching notes, handouts, and syllabi (Section 1). Also included is a small amount of correspondence and other administrative records that relate to Butts’ employment and his role as a member of the university community outside of his academic function.

 1. Instructional Materials, 1968-1991 

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Nipissing University College 141
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Seminar in 19th-Century Philosophy, 1990-1991 2
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Kant Seminar 3
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Realism (Konstanz) 4
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Seminar on Leibniz 5
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Witchcraft Syllabi 6
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Witchcraft Notes and Readings 7
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Witchcraft Exams 8
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Witchcraft (T.M. Lennon) 9
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The Social Philosophy of Herbert Spencer 10
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Theories of Scientific Method: Mill and Whewell, Fall 1968-1969 11
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Transparencies 12
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Notes from Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View 13
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The Principles of Monadic Change and Its Relation to Physics (Notes), 1984 14
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Leibniz' Monadology (Notes), 1984 15
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Heidegger on the Leading Distinctions of the Identity Philosophy (Notes) 16
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Outline of Boehme's System (Notes) 17
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Kant's Theory of Scientific Method (Notes) 18
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Schelling's Absolute Idealism (Notes) 19
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The Two Philosophies of the Antinomies (Notes) 20
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Kant and 19th-Century Views of Science (Notes) 21
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Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (Notes), 1990 22
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"Science and the Humanities: A Historical and Analytic Comparison" (Notes), 1991 23
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"Dilthey: The Critique of Historical Reason" (Notes) 24
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Nietzsche on Truth (Notes) 25
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"The Mind/Body Problem: The Importance of Its Solution for the Creation of Human Sciences" (Notes), 1991 26
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Schelling/Witchcraft Reading 27
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Of Reasoning and  Of Induction(Readings) 28
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Miscellaneous/Unidentified Teaching Notes and Materials 29

 2. Administrative Materials, 1954-1997 

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Job Applications, 1980-1987 30
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Visiting Lectures/Appointments, 1982-1986 31
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University of Pittsburgh, 1987-1997 32
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University of Western Ontario, 1978-1996 33
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Nipissing University College, 1984-1985 34
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University of Konstanz, 1984-1995 35
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Job Offer from St. Lawrence University (Telegram), 1954 36
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Performance Reviews, 1981-1991 37
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University of Oslo, 1973 38

Subseries  3. Professional Organizations and Conferences, 1963-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries consists of correspondence, newsletters, pamphlets, financial records, meeting minutes, and other items that document Butts’ active role in his professional community. He served on boards and in leadership positions for several of the professional organizations and conferences represented in these records, notably chairing several committees of the International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science during the 1970s and 1980s. He was particularly active in the international philosophical community, organizing and attending conferences in Europe, Canada, and the United States throughout his career.

 1. Professional Organizations, 1963-1997 

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Association for the Advancement of Science in Canada 151
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Association for Foundations of Science, Language, and Cognition, 1993 2
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Canadian Academic Centre in Italy, Newsletter, May 1979 2a
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Canadian Federation for the Humanities (CFH), 1982-1987 3
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Canadian Philosophical Association (CPA), 1977-1988 4
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Canadian Political Science Association Bulletin, 1978-1979 5
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Canadian Science and Technology Historical Association, 1987 6
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Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science (CSHPS), 1979-1986 7
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Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science "Communique", 1979-1997 8
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History of Science Society (HSS), 1985-1987 9
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History of Science and Technology in Canada Bulletin, 1978 10
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Interamerican Council for Research on Science Policy, 1985 11
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International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC), 1977-1986 12
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International Council of Scientific Unions, 1978-1980 13
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International Council of Scientific Unions Newsletters, 1980-1987 14
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International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS) Brochure, 1963 15
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Canadian National Committee, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (CNC/IUHPS) Minutes and Agendas, 1978-1991 16
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Canadian National Committee, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (CNC/IUHPS) General Correspondence, 1978-1988 17
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Division of History of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DHS/IUHPS) 161
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Division of History of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DHS/IUHPS) Bulletins, 1976-1979 2
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Division of History of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DHS/IUHPS) Newsletters, 1978-1986 3
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Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DLMPS/IUHPS) General Correspondence, 1975-1982 4
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Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DLMPS/IUHPS) Finances and Proceedings, 1971-1985 5
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Institute for the History of Arabic Science Newsletters, March 1978-September 1979 6
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Leibniz Society 7
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North American Kant Society 8
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PRISMA 9
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Progressive Conservative Task Force on Taxation, 1986 10
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Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: Council Update, Jules and Gabrielle Léger Fellowship,  April 1985 10a

 2. Conferences, 1969-1996 

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13th Annual Congress of the Canadian Philosophical Association, Toronto, ON, 1969 11
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3rd International Kant Congress, Rochester, NY, 1970 12
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Foundations of Scientific Method: The 19th Century, Bloomington, IN, 1970 13
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Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Lansing, MI, 1972 14
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1st International Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science, Jyvaskyla, Finland, 1973 15
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The Heritage of Kant: A Conference in Celebration of the 250th Anniversary of the Birth of Kant, Kalamazoo, MI, 1974 16
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Ottawa Congress on Kant, Ottawa, ON, 1974 17
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5th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, London, ON, 1975 171
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5th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science Bulletins and Programs, 1975 2
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Institute in the Philosophy of Science, Banff, AB, 1975 3
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Workshop in the History and Philosophy of Science, Benmiller, ON, 1977 4
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Conference on the Study of the History of Canadian Science and Technology, Kingston, ON, 1978 5
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2nd International Colloquium on History and Philosophy of Science, Pisa, Italy, 1978 6
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6th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Hanover, Germany, 1979 7
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Lewis White Beck Kant Conference, Rochester, NY, 1979 8
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National Seminar on Science and Technology in India in the 18th-19th Century, New Delhi, India, 1980 9
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Workshop on Scientific Change, Pittsburgh, PA, 1980 10
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3rd International Conference of History and Philosophy of Science, Montreal, QC, 1980 11
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Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, Montreal, QC, 1980 12
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University of Ottowa Philosophy Colloquia, 1982 13
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Leibniz: The Philosophy and Foundations of Science, Toronto, ON, 1982 14
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Baylor University Victorian Conference, Waco, TX, 1982 15
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1st Annual Conference on Philosophy of Science, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, 1982 16
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Blacksburg, Notes on Niiniluoto and Others, 1982 17
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Conference on 1883, Toronto, ON, 1983 18
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7th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Salzburg, Austria, 1983 19
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Latin American Symposium of Mathematical Logic, Caracas, Venezuela, 1983 20
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Philosophy of Science Association (PSA), Chicago, IL, 1984 21
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Learned Societies Conference, Montreal, QC, 1985 22
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Thought and Language in Enlightened Philosophy: An International Conference in 17th and 18th Century Philosophy, Toronto, ON, 1985 23
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17th International Congress of History of Science, Berkeley, CA, 1985 24
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6th International Kant Congress, State College, PA, 1985 25
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Learned Societies Conference, Manitoba, 1986 26
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On the Leibniz Renaissance: The Reasons for Contemporary Interest in Leibniz' Thought, Florence, Italy, 1986 27
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Conference on the History and Philosophy of Science, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1986 28
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International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC) "Dresden Symposium", 1986 29
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"The Dubrovnik Seminars," Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia, 1987 30
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8th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, USSR, 1987 31
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Oxford CPS Conference, Oxford, England, 1988 32
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7th Joint Meeting of the Divisions of History of Science and Philosophy of Science, International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS), Coimbra, Portugal, 1988 33
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National History of Science Societies Meeting, 1989 34
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Baden-Württemberg Seminars, 1989 35
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Annual Congress of the Canadian Philosophical Association, Quebec, QC, 1989 36
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18th International Congress of the History of Science, Hamburg and Munich, Germany, 1989 37
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Learned Societies Congress, Victoria, BC, 1989 38
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Spindel Conference, Memphis, TN, 1991 39
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Comments on Michael Friedman: 'Regulative and Constitutive' for Spindel Conference, Memphis, TN, 1991 40
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Conference on the Works of Onora O'Neill, South Bend, IN, September 1991 41
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Kant and Contemporary Epistemology, Florence, Italy, May 1992 181
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Seminar for Medieval and Renaissance Studies: Witchcraft and Magic in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, London, ON, 1992 2
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Logic and the Workings of the Mind, London, ON, May 1995 3
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8th International Kant Congress, Memphis, TN, March 1995 4
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3rd Quadrennial International Fellows Conference, Castiglioncello, Italy, 1996 5
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German-American Interaction in Scientific Philosophy After 1933: An International Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, 1996 6
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The Methodological Heritage of Newton, London, ON 7
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2nd International Conference on History and Philosophy of Science, 1973-1980 8
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Hunt Workshop in History of Science 9
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Materials Related to Miscellaneous and Unidentified Professional Conferences 10

Subseries  4. Research and Writing by Others, 1967-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

Butts played an active role as a colleague and friend to other researchers and academics in his field. He was sought after as a reviewer of academic publications and grant proposals as well as a reference for colleagues and students. The material in Section 1, which consists of applications, CVs, and correspondence, documents these functions. Both subgroups in this subseries are arranged by individual’s surname, though Section 2 consists of unpublished drafts rather than administrative materials.

 1. References and Reviews, 1967-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

The items in this section are arranged by individual. Each individual's file may contain a variety of documents pertaining to Butts' role as a mentor and referee for his students and colleagues in their careers and publishing endeavors. This includes reference and referee requests, as well as applications, CVs/resumes, manuscripts, proposals, and any other material that may have been enclosed with Butts' correspondence on the subject. Note that all letters of reference and personally identifiable or confidential information have been removed and restricted.

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Arthur, Richard, 1982 11
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Amerik, Karl, 1982 12
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Anderson, Abraham, 1994 13
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Baigrie, Brian, 1982 14
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Bakan, Mildred B., 1990 15
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Brown, James Robert, 1982-1986 16
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Bush, C.M. Anastasia, 1982 17
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Chokr, Nadr N. 18
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Collier, John, 1983 19
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Curtis, R.C., 1983 20
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Denis, Francois-Michel, 1982 21
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DiSalle, Robert, 1995 22
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Donovan, Arthur, 1984 23
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Edwards, Paul, 1967 24
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English, Parker, 1982-1986 25
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Falkenstein, Lorne, 1986 26
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Forster, Paul D., 1994 27
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Foss, Jeffrey E., 1982-1983 28
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Friedman, Michael 29
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Notes on the Work of Michael Friedman, 1984-1989 30
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Gauthier, Yvon, 1981-1982 31
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Good, Gregory Alan, 1983 32
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Hahlweg, Kai, 1980-1986 33
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Hanson, Norwood Russell 34
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Hattiangadi, Jagdish N., 1985 35
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Hudson, Robert G., 36
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Jobe, Evan K., 1990 37
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Johnstone, Albert A., 1982 38
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Khalidi, Muhammed Ali, 1996 39
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Kitcher, Patricia, 1990 40
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Laudan, Larry, 1982 41
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Lauxterman, P.F.H. 42
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Lennon, Thomas M., 1983 191
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Levy, Edwin, 1982 2
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Lugg, Andrew 3
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Malik, Muhammed Abdul, 1988 4
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Manukian, Edward, 1983 5
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Meerbote, Ralf, 1979 6
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Mukherjee, Ramkrishna 7
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Nickles, Thomas, 1982 8
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Niiniluoto, Ilkka 9
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Po-Keeing, 1986 10
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Rescher, Nicholas, 1991-1997 11
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Rothbart, David, 1984 12
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Ruse, Michael 13
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Sassen, Brigitte, 1993 14
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Savage, Wade, 1984 15
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Shea, William, 1986-1987 16
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Stevens, Wesley M., 1988 17
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Wilson, David B., 1983 18
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Unidentified Research Proposals 19
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Miscellaneous Referee Requests, Work or Author Not Specified 20
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Administrative Materials and Correspondence re: Refereeing 21

 2. Unpublished Drafts by Others, 1968-1996 

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Agassi, Joseph, "Science is Real and Ideal: Popper and the Dogmatic Scientist" 22
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Alavoutunki, Jouni, "An Introduction to the Study of History of Science at the University of Konstanz," 1976 23
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Arthur, Richard, "Pacidius to Philalethes: First Philosophy of Motion, by G.W. Leibniz" (translation) 24
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Barnes, Barry and Bloor, David, "Relativism, Rationalism, and the Sociology of Knowledge," 1980 25
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Beck, Lewis White, "Kant on the Uniformity of Nature" 26
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Belsey, Andrew, "Whewell on Induction," 1971 27
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Bencivenga, Ermanno, "Knowledge as a Relation and Knowledge as an Experience in the Critique of Reason" 28
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"Berkeley's Master Argument: Appearance and Reality," author unknown 29
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Bohme, Gernot, "Kants Begriff der Materie in Seiner Schrift 'Metaphysische Anfangsgrunde der Naturwissenschaft'" 30
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Bohme, Gernot, "Kant's Epistemology as a Theory of Alienated Knowledge" (2 drafts) 31
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Bradie, Michael, "Models and Metaphors in Science: The Metaphorical Turn" 201
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Brittan, Gordon, "Kant's Two Grand Hypotheses" 2
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Brittan, Gordon, "The Kantian Foundations of Modern Science" 3
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Brown, James Robert, "Einstein's Principle Theorems," 1995 4
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Brown, James Robert, "Theories of Method and Historical Evidence," 1979 5
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Brown, James Robert, "Rescher's Evolutionary Epistemology," 1982 6
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Brown, James Robert, "Thought Experiments Since the Scientific Revolution," 1986 7
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Brown, Jim, "Comments on the Occasion of the Presentation of An Intimate Relation to Robert E. Butts" 8
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Buchdahl, Gerd, "Kant's 'Special Metaphysics' and the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science" (3 drafts) 9
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Buchdahl, Gerd, "A Logical Articulation of Kant's Transcendental Structure" 10
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Buchdahl, Gerd, "A Key to the Problem of Affection" 11
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Buroker, Jill Vance, Reviews of Her Space and Incongruence: The Origin of Kant's Idealism 12
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Carrier, Martin, "What is Wrong With the Miracle Argument?," 1990 13
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Carrier, Martin, "Kants Theorie der Materie und ihre Wirkung auf die zeitgenössische Chemie" 14
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Copp, David and Levy, Edwin, "Value Neutrality in the Techniques of Policy Analysis: Risk and Uncertainty," 1982 15
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Dickens, Charles, "Old Lamps For New Ones" (typescript) 16
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Doering, Michael, "Consilience as a Mark of True Theories" 17
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Dryer, D.P., "On Two Arguments for the Principle of Causality Said to be Found in Kant" 18
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Duncan, Howard, "Kant, Buroker, and the Problem of Incongruent Counterparts" 19
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Duncan, Howard, "Kant's Methodology: Progress Beyond Newton?" (2 drafts), 1985 20
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Duncan, Howard, "Constructions and Their Discovery," 1984 21
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Eells, Ellery, "Bayesian Epistemology: Probabilistic Confirmation and Rational Decision" 211
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Essler, Wilhelm K., "Truth and Knowledge: Some Considerations Concerning the Task of Philosophy of Science" 2
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Falkenstein, Lorne, "Kant's Argument for the Non-Spatiotemporality of Things in Themselves" 3
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Fisette, David, ed., Consciousness and Intentionality: Models and Modalities of Attribution 4
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Forster, Malcolm R., "Whewell's Consilience of Inductions and the Reality of Component Causes," 1986 5
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Forster, Paul D., "Kant, Boole, and the Origins of Peirce's Early Metaphysics" 6
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Forster, Paul D., "The Unity of Peirce's Theories of Truth" 7
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Foss, Jeffrey E., "The Logical and Sociological Structure of Science" 8
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Falkenstein, Lorne, ed., Logic and the Workings of the Mind 9
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"Faculty Psychology in Early Modern Philosophy," author unknown 10
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Forster, Eckhart, "Is There a 'Gap' in Kant's Critical System?," 1985 11
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Friedman, Michael, "The Metaphysical Foundations of Newtonian Science" (3 drafts) 12
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Friedman, Michael, "Preface" (translation), 1986 13
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Friedman, Michael, "Scientific Objectivity in Historical Perspective" 14
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Friedman, Michael, "Kant on the Foundations of newtonian Science," 1984 15
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Friedman, Michael, "Kant's Theory of Geometry," 1984 16
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Friedman, Michael, "On the Transition from the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science to Physics," 1989 17
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Friedman, Michael, "Poincare's Conventionalism and the Logical Positivists" 18
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Friedman, Michael, "Kant on Concepts and Intuitions in the Mathematical Sciences," 1987 19
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Giere, Ronald N., "On the Metaphilosophy of Science" 20
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Good, Gregory, "Method, Science, and the Historical Approach: Were John Herschel's Optical Researches Guided by His Ideas on Method?," 1983 221
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Grier, Michelle Gilmore, "The Role of Transcendental Illusion in Kant's Account of Systematicity," 1993 2
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Grimes, Thomas R., "Scientific Realism and the Problem of Underdetermination" 3
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Gruender, David, "Values and the Philosophy of Science" in Developments in the Theory of Science, ed. Gerhard Preyer and Alexander Ulfia 4
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Hanson, Norwood Russell, "An Anatomy of Discovery" 5
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Hanson, Norwood Russell, "Logical Positivism and the Interpretation of Scientific Theories" 6
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Harper, William, "Isaac Newton on Empirical Success and Scientific Method" 7
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Harper, William, "Newton's Phenomena," 1996 8
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Harper, William, "Newton, Isaac" 9
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Harper, William et al., "Unification and Support: Harmonic Law Ratios Measure the Mass of the Sun" (2 drafts) 10
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Harper, William, "Kant's Empirical Realism and the Second Analogy of Experience" (2 drafts + Butts' comments), 1980 11
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Harper, William, "Kant on the A Priori and Material Necessity" 12
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Harper, William, "Kant on Incongruent Counterparts," 1987 13
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Harriot, Howard H., "R.A. Fisher and the Interpretation of Probability" 14
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Heimann, P.M., "Force and Inertia: Euler and Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science15
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Hintikka, Jaakko, "Wittgenstein's Semantical Kantianism" 16
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Hughes, R.J.G., "Laws of Physics, Laws of Nature, and the Representational Account of Theories" 17
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"Inaugural Dissertation," author unknown 231
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Jacquette, Dale, "Intentionality and the Myth of Pure Syntax" 2
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Jobe, Evan, "Explanation, Causality, and Counterfactuals" 3
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Juhl, Cory and Kelly, Kevin T., "Transcendental Deductions and Universal Architectures for Inductive Inference" 4
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Kambartel, Friedrich, "Versuch uber das Verstehen" 5
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Kitcher, Patricia, "Apperception and Epistemic Responsibility" 6
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Kitcher, Phillip, "Projecting the Order of Nature" (3 drafts) 7
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Kuehn, Manfred, "Kant's Conception of 'Hume's Problem'" 8
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Kuhn, Thomas, "What are Scientific Revolutions" and "Commensurability, Comparability, Communicability" 9
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Landry, Vicki Frappollo, "The Unconstituted Constitutor and the Essence of Poker" 10
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Lariviere, D. Anthony, "On the Alleged Cartesianism of the Port-Royal Logic" 11
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Laudan, Larry, "The Pseudoscience of Science?" 12
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Laudan, Larry et al., "Testing Methodologies Against History," 1985 13
  Folder
Laudan, Larry, "Science at the Bar: Causes for Concern" 14
  Folder
"Locke and the Received View of Dreams," author unknown 15
  Folder
Lugg, Andrew, "Resolving Disagreement in Science" 16
  Folder
Lugg, Andrew, "Stuff and Nonsense: Pseudoscience as Madness" 17
  Folder
Lugg, Andrew, Review of "My Philosophical Development" by Bertrand Russell 18
  Folder
Majer, Ulrich, "Simplicity and Distinctness: The Limits of Referential Semantics," 1988 19
  Folder
Matheson, Carl, "Observational Adequacy as Distinct from the Truth About Observables" 20
  Folder
McMullin, Ernan, "The Rational and the Social in the History of Science" 21
  BoxFolder
Melmer, Arthur, "Space Time and Thought in Kant" 241
  Folder
Metcalfe, John, Critical Notice on Menachem Fisch's "William Whewell: Philosopher of Science," 1992 2
  Folder
Meyer, Michel, "Why Did Kant Write Two Versions of the Transcendental Deduction?" 3
  Folder
Mittelstrass, Jurgen, "Scientific Rationality and Its Reconstruction" 4
  Folder
Montesano, Aldo, "Rationality in Economics: A General Framework" 5
  Folder
Morrison, Margaret, "Whewell on the Ultimate Problem of Philosophy," 1996 6
  Folder
Moulines, C. Ulises, "Structuralism vs. Operationalism" 7
  Folder
Nickels, Thomas, "What Is a Problem that We May Solve It?," 1980 8
  Folder
Niiniluoto, Ilkka, "Ernst Mach as a Philosopher of Science" 9
  Folder
Okruhlik, Kathleen, "Kant on Realism and Methodology" (2 drafts) 10
  Folder
Palter, Robert, "Kant's Idea of Absolute Space" 11
  Folder
Peterson, Philip, "Theory and Meaning," 1968 12
  Folder
Preyer, Gerhard, "The Received View, Incommensurability, and the Comparison of Theories - Beliefs as the Basis of Theorizing" 13
  Folder
Preyer, Gerhard and Ulfig, Alexander, "Semantic of Theoretical Language, Meaningful Measurement, and the Concept of Physical Law" 14
  Folder
Rescher, Nicholas, "Leibniz Finds a Niche (Settling in at the Court of Hanover: 1676-1677)," 1991 15
  Folder
Rescher, Nicholas, "Meaningless Numbers," 1995 16
  Folder
Resnik, David, "Scientific Rationality and Epistemic Goals" 17
  Folder
Rosenfield, Arthur H. and Trower, W. Peter, "Selected Works of Luis W. Alvarez With Commentary" 18
  Folder
Rothbart, Daniel, "The Semantics of Metaphor and the Structure of Science," 1984 19
  Folder
Rothbart, Daniel, "Metaphor and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge" 20
  Folder
Ruse, Michael, "A Philosopher's Day in Court: The Scopes Monkey Trial Revisited" 21
  Folder
Schlesinger, Georg N., "Degrees of Characterization" 22
  Folder
Schwartz, Robert, "Reflections on Projection" 23
  BoxFolder
Shea, William, "Filled With Wonder: Kant's Cosmological Essay, the Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens" (3 drafts) 251
  Folder
Skyrms, Brian, "Evolution of Anomaly" 2
  Folder
Stafleau, Marinus Dirk, "Theories Incorporated" 3
  Folder
Tang, Paul C.L., "On Paul Churchband's Treatment of the Argument from Introspection and Scientific Realism" 4
  Folder
Tang, Paul C.L. and Hildebrand, Erik A., "The Scientist Qua Scientist Must Be an Anti-Realist" 5
  Folder
Thagard, Paul and Holyoak, Keith, "Discovering the Wave Theory of Sound: Inductive Inference in the Context of Problem Solving," 1985 6
  Folder
Tuschling, Burkhard, "Apperception and Ether: On the Idea of a Transcendental Deduction of Matter in Kant's Opus Postumum" 7
  Folder
Unattributed Commentary on Butts' Work 8
  Folder
Unidentified Typescript on Mach and Relativity 9
  Folder
Van Kirk, Carol A., "Kant's Reply to Putnam" 10
  Folder
Van Kirk, Carol A., "Kant and the Problem of Other Minds" 11
  Folder
Van Cleve, James, "Reflections on Kant's Second Antimony," 1980 12
  Folder
Wheeler, Harvey, "The Invention of Modern Empiricism: The Juridicial Foundation of Francis Bacon's Philosophy of Science," 1983 13
  Folder
Will, F.L., "The Problem of Induction," 1968 14
  Folder
Wilson, David B., "A Physicist's Alternative to Materialism: The Religious Thought of George Gabriel Stokes" 15
  Folder
Wilson, Fred, "Mill on the Operation of Discovering and Proving General Propositions" 16
  Folder
Wilson, Fred, "Explanation, Causation, and Deduction" 17
  Folder
Wilson, Fred, "Scottish Reason from Hume and Reid to Brown and Chalmers" 18
  Folder
Wimsatt, William, "Von Baer's Law of Development, Entrenchment, and Scientific Change" 19
  Folder
Wolters, Gereon, "Visionary Positivism: Ernst Mach's Philosophy of Science" 20
  Folder
Reviews of Gereon Wolters' Mach I, Mach II, Einstein und die Relativitatstheorie 21
  Folder
Wray, K. Brad, "Rational Communities" 22
  Folder
Wray, K. Brad, "The Role of Solidarity in a Pragmatic Epistemology" 23
  Folder
Wylie, Allison, "Philosophy of Archaeology" 24
  Folder
Unidentified Manuscripts 25

Subseries  5. Professional Correspondence, 1963-1997 

Scope and Content Notes

This subseries consists of general correspondence between Butts and his professional peers and colleagues. Material is arranged alphabetically by correspondent, including both individuals and organizations, and ranges from one letter to exchanges taking place over several years or decades, as with friend and colleague Jurgen Mittelstrass of the University of Konstanz.

  BoxFolder
Adams, Stephen J., 1995-1996 261
  Folder
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, 1993-1995 2
  Folder
Anderson, E.O., 1986 3
  Folder
Baltas, Aristedes, 1992 4
  Folder
Barcus, Nancy B., 1982 5
  Folder
Bauer, Henry H., 1980-1986 6
  Folder
Beck, Lewis W., 1985 7
  Folder
Bentley, Margaret, 1974-1984 8
  Folder
Belgvad, Mogens, 1972-1973 9
  Folder
Brittan, Gordon, 1989 10
  Folder
Broughton, Roger, 1982-1983 11
  Folder
Buchdahl, Gerd, 1970-1989 12
  Folder
Bunge, Mario, 1980 13
  Folder
Bykov, A.N., 1981-1982 14
  Folder
Carrier, Martin, 1987 15
  Folder
Charpa, Ulrich, 1984 16
  Folder
Coelho, Victor, 1988-1992 17
  Folder
Cohen, H. Floris, 1993-1994 18
  Folder
Cohen, Robert S., 1973-1993 19
  Folder
Demopoulos, William, 1991 20
  Folder
Duchesneau, Francois, 1981-1985 21
  Folder
Earman, John, 1992 22
  Folder
Falkenstein, Lorne, 1987 23
  Folder
Finocchiaro, Maurice A., 1980 24
  Folder
Fisch, Max H., 1980 25
  Folder
Friedman, Michael, 1985 26
  Folder
Gavreau, Claude, 1980-1986 27
  Folder
Goudge, T.A., 1964 28
  Folder
Greene, John, 1982 29
  Folder
Grünbaum, Adolf, 1977-1995 30
  Folder
Gumanski, Leon, 1974 31
  Folder
Hacking, Ian, 1986 32
  Folder
Hallden, Soren, 1973 33
  Folder
Hintikka, Jaakko, 1975-1977 34
  Folder
Hiorth, Finngeir, 1973 35
  Folder
Hooker, Cliff, 1985-1988, 1994 36
  Folder
Hoven, Adrian van den, 1996 37
  Folder
Irvine, Andrew, 1982 38
  Folder
Janich, Peter, 1983 39
  Folder
Kaufmann, John C.E., 1997 40
  Folder
Keenan, C.W., 1964-1966 41
  Folder
Kendler, Howard H., 1980 42
  Folder
Kitcher, Philip, 1983, 1996 43
  Folder
Levere, Trevor H., 1980 44
  Folder
Lloyd, Elisabeth A., 1983 45
  Folder
Lugg, Andrew, 1985, 1992 46
  Folder
Martell, Charles, 1997 47
  Folder
Massey, Gerald, 1991-1994 48
  Folder
Mayo, Deborah G., 1986 49
  Folder
Mittelstrass, Jürgen, 1973-1978 50
  Folder
Mittelstrass, Jürgen, 1979-1995 51
  BoxFolder
Nicholas, John M. (Nick), 1989 271
  Folder
Niiniluoto, Ilkka, 1985 2
  Folder
Ohruhlik, Kathleen, 1989 3
  Folder
Pagnini, Alessandro, 1991-1996 4
  Folder
Parrini, Paolo, 1996 5
  Folder
Paterson, G.R., 1984-1986 6
  Folder
Rescher, Nicholas, 1963-1996 7
  Folder
Robson, Robert, 1963 8
  Folder
Ruse, Michael, 1982 9
  Folder
Rutherford, Don, 1990 10
  Folder
Sadovsky, Vadim, 1975-1982 11
  Folder
Savage, Wade, 1983-1986 12
  Folder
Savary, Claude, 1984-1986 13
  Folder
Shea, William (Bill), 1977-1992 14
  Folder
Stevens, Wesley, 1985-1993 15
  Folder
Stone, John M.R., 1987-1988 16
  Folder
Surette, Leon, 1982 17
  Folder
Theau, Jean, 1974 18
  Folder
Wahsner, Renate, 1991 19
  Folder
Weiner, Dora B., 1983-1984 20
  Folder
Wilson, David B., 1973 21
  Folder
Westfall, Richard, 1972 22
  Folder
Wolcott, Glenn, 1995 23
  Folder
Wolters, Gereon, 1981-1995 24
  Folder
Woolhouse, Roger, 1985-1988 25
  Folder
Miscellaneous and Unidentified Correspondence, 1963-1996 26
  Folder
Unsigned Fax from the University of Newcastle 27
  Folder
Directory of Professional Contacts 28

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Series  III. Multimedia, 1972-1997    32 Document Boxes

Scope and Content Notes

The content of the materials in this series is mostly unknown, since they are largely stored on outdated multimedia formats that cannot currently be read by this department. The labels that Butts placed on his floppy disks, which appear to contain backups of his personal computer, indicate that some of the contents may be alternative drafts or supplemental materials to documents found in the paper portion of the collection (e.g. lectures, documentation from professional organizations). The most readily accessible materials are the audio cassette tapes, which mainly contain recordings of radio appearances that Butts made and dictated correspondence during the time of his hospitalization during the 1970s.

  BoxFolderCassette
Side A Sensitive Dictations, Letters of Rec, also Some Personal Corr, Pro. Conf (CPA) 2811
(""Side A Sensitive Dictations, Letters of Rec, also Some Personal Corr, Pro. Conf (CPA)"" online pending)
  Cassette
WTC Music 2
(""WTC Music"" online pending)
  Cassette
Side A Dictated Corresp. For Phil. Of Sci. c.1987 3
(""Side A Dictated Corresp. For Phil. Of Sci. c.1987"" online pending)
  Cassette
Side A Dictation or Message Directed at University Colleagues RE: Conferences, Budgets, Committees c.1972-3 4
(""Side A Dictation or Message Directed at University Colleagues RE: Conferences, Budgets, Committees c.1972-3"" online pending)
  Cassette
Radio Show Called 'Talk Show', Topic is Witched and Witchcraft, Dr. Butts is a Guest on the Show 5
(""Radio Show Called 'Talk Show', Topic is Witched and Witchcraft, Dr. Butts is a Guest on the Show"" online pending)
  Cassette
Robert E. Butts: Message for Students in Phil 145 6
(""Robert E. Butts: Message for Students in Phil 145"" online pending)
  Cassette
Witches, Dr. Butts Is A Guest On a Radio Show The Segment He Appears On Is About the History of Witches, Witchcraft 7
  Cassette
'Talk Radio' Continued, Dr. Butts Is Guest and They Are Ending His Visit to the Show 8
  FolderVideotape
ABC News Nightline: Exorcism (VHS Tape) 21
  FolderVideotape
Exorcism 2 (Beta Tape) 31
  FolderDisk
Unknown material, "Norton 1" 41
("Unknown material, "Norton 1"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Norton 2" 2
("Unknown material, "Norton 2"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "@NC91a.chc" 3
("Unknown material, "@NC91a.chc"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Bac.Doc, Bac.Com, MyCopy.Exe, WhereIs.Doc, WhereIs.Exe" 4
("Unknown material, "Bac.Doc, Bac.Com, MyCopy.Exe, WhereIs.Doc, WhereIs.Exe"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "DIA, PSA, NRC, SYN" 5
("Unknown material, "DIA, PSA, NRC, SYN"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "LET" 6
("Unknown material, "LET"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "CPA, CNC" 7
("Unknown material, "CPA, CNC"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Old Rec Files + Misc" 8
("Unknown material, "Old Rec Files + Misc"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "UWO" 9
("Unknown material, "UWO"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "1991 REC" 10
("Unknown material, "1991 REC"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "CDP, PSA, DIA" 11
("Unknown material, "CDP, PSA, DIA"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "PHIL 2" 12
("Unknown material, "PHIL 2"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "WOS" 13
("Unknown material, "WOS"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Storage 1 [82/83], Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 1, Folder: 82/83 papers, sidgwick, traume, worlds" 14
("Unknown material, "Storage 1 [82/83], Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 1, Folder: 82/83 papers, sidgwick, traume, worlds"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "3.7 Kant 1985" 15
("Unknown material, "3.7 Kant 1985"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Copy Kant/Wurman" 16
("Unknown material, "Copy Kant/Wurman"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Copy Open 1" 17
("Unknown material, "Copy Open 1"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Storage 2 [82/83] Backup, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: baylor, sidgwick, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: kant, van kirk, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: leibniz, angels, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: rationality, history" 18
("Unknown material, "Storage 2 [82/83] Backup, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: baylor, sidgwick, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: kant, van kirk, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: leibniz, angels, Document Index of Fileroom: LOCAL, Drawer: storage 2, Folder: rationality, history"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dyer 2, CH 1,2,3" 19
("Unknown material, "Dyer 2, CH 1,2,3"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dyer 3, Chs. 4,5" 20
("Unknown material, "Dyer 3, Chs. 4,5"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dyer 4, Chs 6,7" 21
("Unknown material, "Dyer 4, Chs 6,7"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dyer 5, Chs 8,9" 22
("UNknown material, "Dyer 5, Chs 8,9"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dyer 6, CNS" 23
("Unknown material, "Dyer 6, CNS"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "PHIL" 24
("Unknown material, "PHIL"" online pending)
  FolderDisk
Unknkown material, "Hooker (word perfect), CH (DCA format)" 51
("Unknkown material, "Hooker (word perfect), CH (DCA format)"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Tamblyn Lectures" 2
("Unknown material, "Tamblyn Lectures"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Lectures" 3
("Unknown material, "Lectures"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Backup" 5
("Unknown material, "Backup"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "Dossier account, Mehlman CU, WPWin 6.0 5.1, Misc 93-6" 5
("Unknown material, "Dossier account, Mehlman CU, WPWin 6.0 5.1, Misc 93-6"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "NB Stuff, Fax Stuff, Bob" 6
("Unknown material, "NB Stuff, Fax Stuff, Bob"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C:\NB4\Work, 94/09/25" 7
("Unknown material, "C:\NB4\Work, 94/09/25"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "WOS 97/22/01" 8
("Unknown material, "WOS 97/22/01"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "PITT96.PHL, SENIORS.WTC" 9
("Unknown material, "PITT96.PHL, SENIORS.WTC"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.PEB, *.EWR, squi8, squir2" 10
("Unknown material, "*.PEB, *.EWR, squi8, squir2"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C: NB WORK" 11
("Unknown material, "C: NB WORK"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.UWO" 12
("Unknown material, "*.UWO"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "1991 REC, GRAD STUDENTS + OTHER" 13
("Unknown material, "1991 REC, GRAD STUDENTS + OTHER"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "PROF BUTTS" 14
("Unknown material, "PROF BUTTS"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.WOS" 15
("Unknown material, "*.WOS"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.LET" 16
("Unknown material, "*.LET"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.CDP, RSA, DIA, CDP" 17
("Unknown material, "*.CDP, RSA, DIA, CDP"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.PHL" 18
("Unknown material, "*.PHL"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.PHL (2)" 19
("Unknown material, "*.PHL (2)"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "OLD files" 20
("Unknown material, "OLD files"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C:\NB4\Work" 21
("Unknown material, "C:\NB4\Work"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C:\NB\WORK, 94/09/25" 22
("Unknown material, "C:\NB\WORK, 94/09/25"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "DR. BUTTS, ANNIE 4+5+6+7 WILL NOT COPY, 1991.BAR TO MORRISH.REC, .UWO files, .REC files, .CNC & .CPA files" 23
("Unknown material, "DR. BUTTS, ANNIE 4+5+6+7 WILL NOT COPY, 1991.BAR TO MORRISH.REC, .UWO files, .REC files, .CNC & .CPA files"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "UWO, Tizoo business" 24
("Unknown material, "UWO, Tizoo business"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.DIA, *.PSA, *.NRC, *.SYN" 25
("Unknown material, "*.DIA, *.PSA, *.NRC, *.SYN"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.CPA, *.CNC" 26
("Unknown material, "*.CPA, *.CNC"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C: NB WORK" 27
("Unknown material, "C: NB WORK"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "NB/Work/*.x, 1989" 28
("Unknown material, "NB/Work/*.x, 1989"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "C:\, C:\DOS (import)" 29
("Unknown material, "C:\, C:\DOS (import)"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "*.REC, old rec files + misc" 30
("Unknown material, "*.REC, old rec files + misc"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "IGET, IGET.DOC} Authority lists, chkibid.exe, chkibid.doc, bag.mb} Check ID ID Files, (check the .doc files on how to use these [+bag.mb])" 31
("Unknown material, "IGET, IGET.DOC} Authority lists, chkibid.exe, chkibid.doc, bag.mb} Check ID ID Files, (check the .doc files on how to use these [+bag.mb])"" online pending)
  Disk
Unknown material, "19th c. REP" 32
("Unknown material, "19th c. REP"" online pending)

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Series  IV. Oversized Materials, 1947-1994 

Scope and Content Notes

This series consists of oversized materials that have been separated from the collection proper for storage purposes. It contains a small number of documents, most of which are diplomas and certificates that are biographical in nature. The first document, the certificate from the Weigh-House at Oudewater, is from a historical site in the Netherlands where accused witches were weighed and certified as non-witches during medieval witch hunts, a subject of research interest in Butts’ later life.

  BoxItem
Testimony of the Art of Weighing in the Weigh-House at Oudewater, the Netherlands, 1994 291
  Item
Delta Phi Alpha National Honorary German Fraternity, Syracuse University, 1951 2
  Item
Alexander von Humboldt-Sitfung Award, 1992 3
  Item
Diploma of Robert Earl Butts, Philosophiae Doctoris, University of Pennsylvania, 1957 4
  Item
Manheim Township High School Diploma, 1947 5

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