Guide to the JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner Papers, 1965-1991 AIS.2001.09

ULS Archives & Special Collections

Summary Information

Repository
ULS Archives & Special Collections
Title
JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner Papers
Creator
Evansgardner, JoAnn
Creator
Gardner, G. H. F.
Collection Number
AIS.2001.09
Date [inclusive]
1965-1991
Extent
46.25 linear feet  (37 boxes)
Abstract
The Feminist Collection of JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner, 1966-1988, includes records of the National Organization for Women at national, regional, and local Pittsburgh levels. It also contains research and legal proceedings relating to feminist issues such as discrimination by sex in education, employment, healthcare, sports, and politics. This information is provided through minutes, correspondence, court case files, and publications.

Preferred Citation

JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner Papers, 1965-1991, AIS.2001.09, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

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Biography

JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald Gardner have long been active participants in the Civil Rights Movement, joining the NAACP in 1963 and NOW in 1968. JoAnn, born in 1925, spent much of her childhood in the Hazelwood neighborhood of Pittsburgh, but left the city for North Carolina during World War II. After driving vehicles for military officers and trucks for the 2nd Army, she returned to Pittsburgh in 1945 and worked at Mellon Institute on research projects for Union Carbide & Co. Supported by the Institute, JoAnn was able to attend classes at the University of Pittsburgh. She also met and married physicist Gerald Gardner during this time and changed her name from Evans to Evansgardner. After earning her pre-med degree in 1950, Evansgardner lived with Gardner, a native of Ireland, in Dublin for five years before again returning to the University of Pittsburgh to pursue a PhD. in physiological psychology. Evansgardner went on to teach at Carnegie Mellon from 1964 -1966 and give lectures at other institutions, while Gardner worked a chief scientist at Gulf Oil.

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Scope and Content Notes

Evansgardner and Gardner joined the National Organization for Women (NOW) in 1968 and were active at the local, state, and national levels throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Evansgardner served on the National Board of NOW and as the Eastern Regional Co-Director, while Gardner served as Director and Treasurer of the First Pittsburgh Chapter. They initiated a lawsuit against the Pittsburgh Press newspaper to ban sex discrimination in want ads, worked for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, and helped various other complainants with cases regarding sex and race discrimination. In addition to NOW, Evansgardner and Gardner have been involved with many other feminist, anti-racist, and political activist groups, including the feminist press KNOW, Inc., ACLU, NAACP, Women’s Political Caucus, Professional Women’s Caucus, International Women’s Year, National Women’s Conference, and various reproductive rights groups.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ULS Archives & Special Collections, August 2006

University of Pittsburgh Library System
Archives & Special Collections
Website: library.pitt.edu/archives-special-collections
412-648-3232 (ASC) | 412-648-8190 (Hillman)
Contact Us: www.library.pitt.edu/ask-archivist

Revision Description

 Initial arrangement was significantly altered after extensive review of materials. The finding aid was rewritten to reflect these changes by Carrie Smith and Jessica Mirasol. The initial processing and arrangement was completed by Dan Horvath in 2004.  2006

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright

Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University of Pittsburgh as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Gift of JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner on January 29, 2002.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Dan Horvath, in 2004, and additional processing was performed by Carrie Smith and Jessica Mirasol in 2006.

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Related Materials

Related Material

Additional materials at the Archives Service Center relating to feminism include:

Gerald Blum Papers, 1971-2003, AIS.2005.14, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

Marjorie and J. Warren Matson Papers, 1942-1980, AIS.1984.17, Archives & Special Collections, University of Pittsburgh Library System

Separated Material

Two folders containing oversize posters have been placed with the oversize materials.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • National Organization for Women. Pennsylvania Chapter.
  • National Organization for Women. Pittsburgh Chapter.
  • National Organization for Women.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Pittsburgh (Pa.) -- Politics and government

Personal Name(s)

  • Evansgardner, JoAnn
  • Gardner, G. H. F.

Subject(s)

  • Equal rights amendments -- United States
  • Feminism -- United States
  • Feminists -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Personal papers
  • Social action
  • Women
  • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States
  • Women -- Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh
  • Women's rights -- United States
  • Women’s studies

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Previous Citation

JoAnn Evansgardner and Gerald H.F. Gardner Papers, 1965-1991, AIS.2001.09, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh

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Collection Inventory

Series  I. National NOW 

Scope and Content Notes

In response to the failure of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to implement Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which would prohibit employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, NOW was established on June 30, 1966 in Washington, D.C., by women attending the Third National Conference of the Commission on the Status of Women. Since its formation, NOW has strived to eliminate discrimination and harassment in the workplace, schools, the justice system, and all other sectors of society; to secure abortion, birth control and reproductive rights for all women; to end all forms of violence against women; to eradicate racism, sexism and homophobia; and to promote equality and justice in our society. Evansgardner served as the Eastern Regional Director of NOW and organized the Eastern Regional Conference in Pittsburgh in 1973.

Note - Series I. contains organizational records of National NOW. If the researcher is looking for specific issues in which NOW was involved, they may be found in Series II., III., or VII.

  BoxFolder
NOW Statement of Purpose, 1966 11
  Folder
Chapter Bylaws, 1967 2
  Folder
National Bylaws, 1970; 1972 03-04
  Folder
Bylaw changes, 1973-1974 5
  Folder
National Bylaws, 1985 6
  Folder
Policy Manual Updates, 1988 7
  Folder
State Coordinator Plans, 1974 8
  Folder
State Structure Guidelines, 1974 9
  Folder
Examples of State Organizing, 1973 10
  Folder
NOW Chapter Kit, 1972 11
  Folder
NOW Chapter Handbook, 1972 12
  Folder
Guidelines for Chapter Development, 1974 13
  Folder
Eastern Region Packet, 1972 14
  Folder
Administrative Manual for Local Chapters, 1974 15
  Folder
NOW Legislative Program, 1969 16
  Folder
NOW Legal Defense Fund, 1971-1974; 1976 17-18
  Folder
Public Relations Kit, 1974 19
  Folder
Letter Ideas about Running NOW, 1972 20
  Folder
Conference Planning, 1973 21
  Folder
Phone Bank Manual, 1981 22
  Folder
Newsletter Planning and Funding, 1974 23
  Folder
Insurance for NOW Members, 1974; 1982 24-25
  Folder
Treasurer’s Guide, 1972 26
  Folder
Financial Development Kit, 1972 27
  Folder
How to Keep a Chapter Budget, 1972 28
  Folder
NOW Reimbursement of Members, 1973 29
  Folder
Archives Donation, 1971 30
  Folder
National Application, 1968 31
  Folder
Questionnaire, undated 32
  Folder
Membership Processing, 1978 33
  Folder
Telephone Network, 1969 34
  Folder
NOW Membership Forms and Lists of Members, 1970-1973 35-39
  BoxFolder
NOW Membership Forms and Lists of Members, 1973-1974 201-03
  Folder
Questman Mailing List, 1973 4
  Folder
Eastern Regional NOW Mailing List, undated 5
  Folder
NOW Chronology, 1971 6
  Folder
NOW and U.S. Department of Labor, 1969-1972 7
  Folder
Legal Reports, 1970-1975 8
  Folder
Resolutions and Policy Decisions, 1972 9
  Folder
Position Papers, 1972 10
  Folder
Quarterly Status Reports, 1973 11
  Folder
NOW Improvements, 1973 12
  Folder
Legal Defense and Education Fund Annual Report, 1974 13
  Folder
NOW Accomplishments, 1974 14
  Folder
Resolutions, 1975, 1977 15
  Folder
U.S. Department of Treasury Harassment Report, 1976 16
  Folder
Position Papers, 1983 17
  Folder
Implementation Committee Report, 1986 18
  Folder
Reports on Twenty Years of Feminism, 1987 19
  Folder
Minority Women Report, 1973 20
  Folder
Wilma Scott Heide, 1971-1973 21
  Folder

NOW Correspondence 

22-26
  Folder
Chair-One and President, 1972-1974 27
  Folder
Chapter Presidents, 1973 28
  Folder
National Memos, 1973 29-30
  Folder

National and Pittsburgh, NOW, 1973-1974 

31
  Folder
Evansgardner as Eastern Regional Director, 1973-1975 32-35
  BoxFolder
Eastern State Coordinators, 1973-1975 31
  Folder
Eastern State Coordinators, 1973-1975 2
  Folder
Miscellaneous National NOW, 1974 3
  Folder
Forms and Press Releases, 1974 4
  Folder
Minority committee’s Press Release, undated 5
  Folder
Memos, 1974 6
  Folder
Public Information Office, 1973 7
  Folder
Minutes from Chapter Meetings, 1969-1970 08-10
  Folder
Legislative Office, 1972 11
  Folder
Education Taskforce, 1972-1973 12-13
  Folder
Task Force on Minority and Women’s Rights, 1976 14
  Folder
Guidelines and Policies for various NOW taskforces, 1971-1972 15
  Folder
Employment Taskforce, undated 16
  Folder
Compliance Taskforce, 1972 17
  Folder
Labor Taskforce, 1973-1974 18
  Folder
Taskforce Summaries, 1973 19
  Folder
Taskforce Mailings, 1974-1975 20
  Folder
National NOW Convention, 1970; 1973 21-23
  BoxFolder
National NOW Convention, Houston, TX, 1974 401-02
  Folder
NOW Board of Directors Orientation Convention, Chicago, IL, 1974 3
  Folder
National NOW Convention, Philadelphia, PA, 1975 04-05
  Folder
NOW Constitutional Convention, 1975-1976 06-07
  Folder
National Convention, 1977-1985 08-21
  BoxFolder
National Convention, 1986-1987; 1972 51
  Folder
NOW Eastern Regional Conference, 1972-1973 02-04
  Folder
Planning the Conference, undated 05-06
  Folder
Information and Tasks, undated 7
  Folder
Press Kit, undated 8
  Folder
Press Releases, undated 9
  Folder
Attendee Packet, undated 10
  Folder
Advertising Schedules and Slides, undated 11
  Folder
Issues, undated 12-13
  Folder
Resolutions, undated 14
  Folder
Reports, undated 15
  Folder
Items Auctioned, undated 16
  Folder
Eastern Regional Conference Meeting, 1974 17
  Folder
Eastern Regional Convention, Atlantic City, NJ, 1974 18-19
  Folder
Western Regional Conventions, 1970s 20
  Folder
Southern Regional Conventions, Atlanta, GA, 1973 21
  Folder
Midwestern Regional Convention, 1973-1974 22-23
  Folder
Texas Democratic Convention and NOW, 1984 24
  Folder
South Carolina Regional Convention, 1988 25
  Folder
Executive Committee Memos and Minutes, 1972-1973 26-27
  Folder
List of Board Members, 1984-1985; 1988 28-29
  Folder
Board of Officers, 1972 30
  BoxFolder
National Board Meetings Agendas, Minutes, and Memos, 1973-1974 601-08
  Folder
State Coordinators Meeting, Providence, RI, 1973 9
  Folder
Eastern Regional State Coordinators Meeting, New York, 1974 10
  Folder
National Advisory Committee, 1974-1975 11-12
  Folder
Nominating Committee, 1974 13
  Folder
Finance Committee, 1970-1973 14
  Folder
Employment Committee, 1972; 1970 15-16
  Folder
Compliance Committee, 1971-1973 17
  Folder
Committee on Minority Women, 1979-1980 18
  Folder
Nurse’s Organization, 1972 19
  Folder
Newsclippings, 1969-1979 20-21
  Folder
NOW Causes, 1975-1977 22
  Folder
Legal Defense and Education Fund Packets, 1986-1988 23-24
  Folder
Recruiting Pamphlet, 1977 25
  Folder
Volunteerism Pamphlet, 1973 26
  Folder
Civil Rights Restoration Act, 1973 27
  Folder
Taft-Hartley Act, 1980 28
  Folder
Equal Rights Amendment Packets, 1980-1984 29-31
  Folder

Feminist Primer, 1985 

32
  Folder
Lesbian Rights Kit, 1981-1982 33
  Folder
Campus Campaign Packet, 1987 34
  Folder
NOW Year in Review and NOW Launches 3rd Decade, 1985-1987 35
  Folder
Women’s Media Campaign Handbook, 1985 36
  Folder
Voting Procedures for National NOW, 1970 37
  Folder
Elections Committee, 1971 38
  Folder
Midwest Questionnaires for Candidates, 1974 39
  Folder
Majority Caucus for Electing Board Members, 1974-1975 40
  Folder
Election Campaign, 1985 41
  Folder
Florida Elections, 1988 42
  BoxFolder
Strike Day, August 26, 1972 71
  Folder
Volunteerism Workshop, 1975 2
  Folder
Activist Information Day, 1976 3
  Folder
Walk-a-thon, 1977 4
  Folder
NOW-AID, 1978 05-07
  Folder
Racism Workshop, 1979 8
  Folder
University of Houston’s Day of Workshops, 1986 9
  Folder
Treasurer’s Reports and Bank Statements, 1972 10
  Folder
National Budget, 1973 11-12
  Folder
Budget Reports, 1973-1974 13-14
  Folder
Fund-Raising, 1972-1976 15-17

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Series  II. Pennsylvania NOW 

Scope and Content Notes

Formed in 1971 and incorporated in 1972, Pennsylvania NOW grew out of a need for communication and organization between localized chapters across the state. Many chapters, already in existence, had been working on such issues as girls’ participation in sports, elimination of sexism and racism in children’s books, equal access to educational institutions, and affordable day care facilities. Although these efforts were often successful, certain issues – particularly the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in Pennsylvania – required the widespread coordination afforded by a state chapter. Pennsylvania NOW also provided isolated individuals without local chapters a way of getting involved in the organization. This series is made up of materials relating to the business of Pennsylvania NOW as well as information about its various activities. It also contains appointment books, calendars, and notebooks, which were used to keep track of the many events Evansgardner and Gardner planned and attended. One notebook also includes brief personal accounts of sexism collected from other individuals.

  Folder
Organization Information, 1972 20
  Folder
Bylaws, 1973-1979 21
  Folder
Membership and Chapter Lists, 1973-1979 22-23
  Folder
Membership Questionnaire, 1974 24
  Folder
Correspondence, 1973-1979 25
  Folder
Issues, 1973-1979 26
  Folder
Press Releases, 1973-1979 27
  Folder
Finances, 1973-1975 28
  BoxFolder
State Structure Planning Meeting, 1972 81
  Folder
State Steering Committee, 1973 2
  Folder
Meetings and Committees, 1974-1979 03-08
  Folder
Political Research Committee, 1977 9
  Folder
NOW-AID, 1976 10
  Folder
Taskforces, 1973-1979 11-12
  Folder
Education Workshop, 1977 13
  Folder
Pennsylvania NOW Convention, 1973-1974 14-16
  Folder
Pennsylvania Feminism Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, 1976 17
  Folder
Pennsylvania NOW Convention, 1977-1979 18-20
  Folder
Meetings and Issues, 1973-1979 21-22
  Folder
Council Meeting, 1976 23
  Folder
Lawrenceville/Butler County NOW, undated 24
  Folder
Newsletters, 1972-1973 25-26
  Folder
PA NOW Mail, 1972-1973 27
  Folder
Note/Record Books, Accounts of Sexism, 1972-1973 28-29
  Folder
Appointment Reminders, 1970-1972 30
  Folder
Notebook, 1976 31
  Folder
Notebook/Calendar, undated 32
  Folder
Organizer, undated 33
  Folder
Appointment Books, 1978-1979 34
  Folder

Bumper Stickers 

35
  BoxFolder
Appointment Books 901-16

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Series  III. Pittsburgh Area NOW Chapters 

Scope and Content Notes

Pittsburgh was home to many chapters of NOW, most of them associated with individual neighborhoods, such as Squirrel Hill NOW and South Hills NOW. First Pittsburgh NOW, founded by Wilma Scott Heide and chartered in 1967, was the third chapter of NOW founded in the United States. Gardner was very active in First Pittsburgh NOW, serving as Director and as Treasurer. Included in this series are bylaws, meeting minutes, recruitment ideas, address cards, and publications.

  Folder
Sample By-Laws, 1972 17-18
  Folder
Notes and Press Releases, 1972 19
  Folder
Press Kit, 1974 20
  Folder
Newsclippings, 1966-1969 21
  Folder
Issues, 1973-1979 22
  Folder
Various Meetings and Minutes, 1968-1979 23-24
  BoxFolder
Board Meeting Minutes, 1973 1001-03
  Folder
Executive Board, 1971 4
  Folder
Elections, 1969-1975 5
  Folder
Recruitment Ideas, 1975 6
  Folder
Forms, 1973 7
  Folder
Applications, 1973 8
  Folder
Mailing Lists, 1975 9
  Folder
Budget Forms, 1972 10
  Folder
Budgets, 1973 11
  Folder
Treasurer’s Reports, 1975 12
  Folder
Budget, 1975-1976 13
  Folder
Address Cards, undated 14
  BoxFolder
Various Pittsburgh NOW Newsletters, 1975-1976 111
  Folder
First Pittsburgh Chapter News, 1977-1978 02-03
  Folder
Campus NOW- University of Pittsburgh, undated 4
  Folder
Miscellaneous Pittsburgh NOW Newsletters and Memos, 1975-1979 5
  Folder
Miscellaneous Newsletters from Chapters in Other Cities, 1971-1989 6

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Series  IV. KNOW, Inc. 

Scope and Content Notes

Phyllis Wetherby, JoAnn Evansgardner, and Gerry Gardner started a feminist press, KNOW, Inc., under the slogan, "Freedom of the press belongs to those who own the press." KNOW published the first articles and reprints for a burgeoning women’s studies movement in 1969. This series includes bylaws, memos, correspondence, finances, reports, and other information on KNOW, 1969-1978, arranged by subject.

  Folder
Bylaws and Organizational Information, 1969-1972 7
  Folder
Board Meetings, 1971-1977 8
  Folder
Finances, 1972-1976 9
  Folder
KNOW News Service, 1970-1973 10
  Folder
KNOW News, 1975-1977 11
  Folder
Order Catalogs and Mailing Addresses, 1970-1977 12
  Folder
Articles to be Published, 1969-1977 13-14
  Folder
Correspondence, 1971-1977 15
  Folder
Media Relations, 1975-1978 16

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Series  V. Reproductive Rights and Health Care Topics 

Scope and Content Notes

Much of this material relates to NOW’s support of the right to safe, legal abortion and includes pamphlets collected from many Pro-Choice and Pro-Life organizations, as well as legislative material and articles on the subject. In addition to abortion rights, NOW was also concerned with all aspects of women’s reproductive health, including access to factual information about contraceptive options and sexually transmitted diseases, prenatal care, child care, nutrition, and many other topics. This series includes articles, memos, correspondence, and reports about women’s health care at local and national levels, 1973-1974. All records are arranged by subject.

  Folder
Abortion Survey Data, 1970 17
  Folder
Child Birth Conference, 1973 18
  Folder
Planned Parenthood, 1973-1974 19-20
  Folder
Abortion Statistics, 1974 21
  Folder
Abortion Biography, 1974 22
  Folder
R.C. Tactics, 1975 23
  Folder
Abortion Pamphlets, 1974-1975 24
  BoxFolder
Family Planning, 1977 121
  Folder
Abortion Arguments, 1970 2
  Folder
Abortion Opposition, 1979 3
  Folder
National NOW Press Kit, 1974 4
  Folder
Abortion Rights and Legislation Kit, 1975 5
  Folder
Right to Choose Kit, 1978 6
  Folder
Reproductive Rights Resources Kits, 1979-1983 7
  Folder
Reproductive Freedom: Your Right Workshop, 1986 8
  Folder
Correspondence between NOW Chapters about Abortion, 1975 9
  Folder
Life Under New Abortion Laws, 1972-1975 10
  Folder
Abortion Newsclippings, 1973 11-12
  Folder
Pro-Choice Clippings, 1973-1975 13
  Folder
Pro-Life Clippings, 1975-1976 14
  Folder
Alternatives to Abortion, 1975-1976 15
  Folder
Articles and Newsletters on Abortion, 1975-1977 16-17
  Folder
Memos and Articles on Abortion Rights and Procedures, 1977-1978 18-19
  Folder
Pro-Life Lobbyists, 1978 20
  Folder
Choice Organizations, 1969-1970 21
  Folder
Abortion Justice Associations, 1975 22
  Folder
Abortion Rights Association, 1975 23
  Folder
Association for the Study of Abortion, 1968-1971 24
  Folder
Catholics for Free Choice, 1974 25
  Folder
Catholic Newspaper Clippings, 1975 26
  Folder
Clergy Committee, 1970 27
  Folder
Committee for Human Life, 1970 28
  Folder
Day of Outrage, 1975 29
  BoxFolder
National Abortion Rights Action League, 1975 1301-03
  Folder
Other Abortion Organizations, 1970-1971 4
  Folder
Pennsylvania Abortion Rights Association, 1971 5
  Folder
Religious Coalition on Abortion Rights, 1975 6
  Folder
SW PA Coalition, 1974 7
  Folder
Women’s National Abortion Action Coalition, 1971-1972 08-09
  Folder
Abortion Rights Petitions, 1970-1975 10-11
  Folder
Abortion Politics Mailings, 1975 12-13
  Folder
Abortion Politics Correspondence, 1975 14
  Folder
Abortion Politics Workshop, 1975 15
  Folder
Abortion Laws, 1969-1971 16
  Folder
Use Your Voice: Congressional Districts Views on Abortion, 1975 17
  Folder
Pro-Life Legislation, 1973-1974 18
  Folder
U.S. Abortion Bill, 1975 19
  Folder
Caligiuri Resolutions, 1978 20
  Folder
House Bill 71, 1978 21
  Folder
Senate Bills Correspondence, 1979 22
  Folder
Women’s Centers, 1974 23
  Folder
Medical Care, 1973 24
  Folder
Self Help Centers, 1973 25
  Folder
Involuntary Commitment, 1974 26

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Series  VI. Education Topics 

Scope and Content Notes

Many universities first began offering Women’s Studies programs and classes in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. Evansgardner collected brochures and professors’ notes from these early attempts. Although most university programs were open to women by this time, female students and faculty were still discriminated against and underrepresented in many disciplines. This series documents this period in women’s history through pamphlets on women in law schools, statistics on the number of female students graduating from particular programs, and educational lawsuits. Lawsuits include Braden vs. the University of Pittsburgh, in which a group of women accused the university of discriminating against and underpaying female faculty, failing to support their research, and providing inadequate daycare for working mothers. The second half of the series contains information on Title IX, which passed in 1972 and requires gender equity to boys and girls in all educational programs that receive federal funding, including school sports teams. The integration of women into school sports generated many questions and controversies, and NOW formed a Sports Committee to address problems. This series also includes a section on daycare and other child care facilities.

  Folder
Program Funding, 1968-1969 27
  Folder
List of College Syllabi Compiled by KNOW, 1970 28
  Folder
College of Female Studies and Faculty, 1973 29
  Folder
Courses on Women, 1970 30-31
  Folder
Women’s Studies Bibliography, 1971 32
  Folder
Female Education and PAAW Membership, 1971 33
  Folder
Women’s Studies Fact Sheet, 1971 34
  Folder
Women’s Thesis, 1970 35
  Folder
Guide to Female Studies, 1971-1972 36
  Folder
Syllabus Corrections, 1971-1972 37
  Folder
Women’s Studies Abstracts, 1972 38
  BoxFolder
Miscellaneous Clippings, 1972 141
  Folder
Women’s Studies in Universities, 1973-1975 2
  Folder
International Associates of Women’s Studies, 1973 3
  Folder
National Women’s Studies Association, 1977-1979 4
  Folder
Alverno College, 1972 5
  Folder
Ecology of Women, DePaul University, 1970 6
  Folder
Focus Newsletter, Slippery Rock State College, 1978-1982 7
  Folder
University of Illinois, undated 8
  Folder
Sex and Sexuality Course, University of Pittsburgh, 1968-1969; 1976 9
  Folder
Women’s Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 1976 10
  Folder
Yale University, 1970 11
  Folder
U.S. Educational Research, 1969 12
  Folder
Tobias Female Studies, 1970 13
  Folder
Women In Education Report, 1970 14
  Folder
Chronicle of Higher Education, 1970 15
  Folder
Articles on Women’s Education, 1970 16
  Folder
Symposium on Feminism, University of Pittsburgh, 1971 17
  Folder
Crisis: Women in Higher Education, 1971 18
  Folder
Female Economics and Education, 1971 19
  Folder
Education Status of Women, 1972-1973 20
  Folder
Taskforce on Higher Education, 1973 21
  Folder
Women on Campus, 1973 22
  Folder
Characteristics of Doctorial Scientists and Engineers in the U.S., 1973 23
  Folder
K-4 Guide, 1973 24
  Folder
Female High School Education, 1974 25
  Folder
Continuing Education, 1974 26
  Folder
Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities, 1967-1974 27
  Folder
Male and Female Activities, 1975 28
  Folder
Women’s Role in Higher Education, 1975 29
  Folder
Action Methods Handbook, 1970 30
  Folder
Bowling Green State University, 1972 31
  Folder
Chatham College, 1971 32
  Folder
City University of New York, 1970 33
  Folder
University of Columbia, 1970 34
  Folder
Community College of Allegheny County, 1973 35
  BoxFolder
Community College of Allegheny County, 1973 151
  Folder
Duquesne University, 1970-1971 2
  Folder
Harvard University, 1970 3
  Folder
Pennsylvania State University, 1971 4
  Folder
Point Park College, 1970 5
  Folder
Princeton University, 1969 6
  Folder
San Diego State College, 1970 7
  Folder
University of California-Berkley, 1971 08-09
  Folder
University of Chicago, 1971 10
  Folder
University of Pennsylvania, 1970 11
  Folder
University of West Virginia and University of Wisconsin, 1972 12
  Folder
Yale University, 1971 13
  Folder
A.C.E., 1969 14
  Folder
Educational Lawsuits, 1971-1973 15
  Folder
HEW Fact Sheets, 1974 16
  Folder
Women’s Education Reports, 1972 17
  Folder
Educational Equality, 1979 18
  Folder
Sex Role Stereotyping, 1977 19
  Folder
Affirmative Action, 1974 20
  Folder
Amendment Master, 1971 21
  Folder
Sexism in Education Report, 1972 22
  Folder
Higher Education Guidelines, 1972 23
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Sex Discrimination in Schools, 1971 24
  Folder
Higher Education-General, 1971 25
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Equal Rights Amendment at the University Level, 1970 26
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Victories Over Discrimination, 1970 27
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American Association of University Women, 1970 28
  Folder
Sexism in Textbooks, 1974 29
  Folder
Gender Equality in Primary Education, 1973 30
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Elimination of Sexism Kit, 1973-1974 31
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Pennsylvania Board of Education Kit, 1974 32
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Pennsylvania Higher Education and Pittsburgh School Board, 1975-1979 33-34
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Women’s Educational Equality, 1978 35
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Duquesne University, 1972 36
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Harvard University, 1971 37
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Kalamazoo Public Schools, 1973 38
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Slippery Rock University, 1972 39
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Temple University, 1976 40
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University of Bridgeport, 1971 41
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University of Buffalo, 1971 42
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University of Michigan, 1970 43
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University of Minnesota, 1971 44
  Folder
University of Pittsburgh, 1971 45
  Folder
Sports Clippings, 1971-1974 46-47
  Folder
Sexism and Sports, 1973 48
  Folder
Title IX, 1975 49
  BoxFolder
NOW and Sports, 1972-1974 1601-02
  Folder
NOW Sports Committee, 1973-1974 03-04
  Folder
Pennsylvania NOW Sports Position, 1973-1975 5
  Folder
School Survey, 1973 6
  Folder
Letters Sent to Women’s Sports Agencies, 1974 7
  Folder
Tag Day, 1974 8
  Folder
Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association, 1973-1974 09-10
  Folder
Child Care Facilities, 1970-1971 11
  Folder
Child Development, 1970-1973 12
  Folder
Child Education, 1970-1971 13
  Folder
Childcare and Feminism, 1971 14
  Folder
Childcare Articles and Journals, 1970-1973 15
  Folder
Childcare Conference, 1970 16
  Folder
Children Reports, 1970-1972 17
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Children’s Council, 1970 18
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Children’s Lobby, 1970-1971 19
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Children’s March for Survival, 1972 20
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Daycare Dedication Committee, 1971 21
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Daycare Memos and Reports, 1970-1972 22-23
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NOW Childcare, 1970-1971 24
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Daycare Resources, 1972 25
  Folder
Dr. Harold Wren, 1970-1971 26
  Folder
NCEC Pamphlets, 1972 27
  Folder
University of Pittsburgh Childcare, 1971 28
  Folder
White House Conference for Children, 1970 29-30

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Series  VII. Events and Organizations 

Scope and Content Notes

Series VII contains information on specific events and organizations in which Evansgardner and Gardner were affiliated or held an interest.

Arrangement

It is divided into five subseries:

  • Subseries 1. Women’s Political Caucus
  • Subseries 2. Professional Women’s Caucus
  • Subseries 3. Chisholm for President
  • Subseries 4. International Women’s Year
  • Subseries 5. Organizations

Subseries  1. Women’s Political Caucus 

  BoxFolder
Bylaws, 1971 171
  Folder
General Information, 1973-1974 2
  Folder
Advisory Committee, 1972-1973 3
  Folder
Candidate Support Committee, 1972 4
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Delegate Selection, 1972 5
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Correspondence, 1972 6
  Folder
Policy Council Meeting, 1972 07-08
  Folder
Meeting Minutes, 1973 9
  Folder
State Caucus Organizing, 1971-1972 10
  Folder
Information and Reports on Various Chapters, 1971-1973 11-12
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Recognition of State Caucus, 1972 13
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Organizing Committee, 1972, 1975 14-15
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Pennsylvania Women’s Political Caucus, 1971-1972 16
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Pennsylvania State Planning Meeting, 1972 17
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National Women’s Political Caucus of Pennsylvania, 1972 18
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Mailing Lists, 1972 19
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Leader Times, 1973 20
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Illinois WPC, 1971 21
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Ohio WPC, 1972 22
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Texas WPC, 1972 23
  Folder
Virginia WPC, 1972 24

Subseries  2. Professional Women’s Caucus 

Scope and Content Notes

The Professional Women’s Caucus began as a conference at the New York University Law School on April 11, 1970; it was organized by Doris Sassower and JoAnn Evansgardner and was designed to represent women across professions. The theme of the conference was "Breaking Down the Barriers in the Professions" and presentations were given relating to women in the following professions: librarianship, engineering, health care, science, social work, and women’s role in professional organizations. As a result of this conference involving more than 500 women from across the nation, the Professional Women’s Caucus was formally established at a meeting held in Washington, D.C. in May of 1970. This series contains information about the original Professional Women’s Conference and the resulting formation of the Professional Women’s Caucus.

  Folder
New York City Conference Agenda and Correspondence, 1970 25-26
  BoxFolder
Mailers and Mailing Lists, 1970 1801-03
  Folder
Chairperson, 1970 4
  Folder
Clippings, 1970 5
  Folder
Job Opportunities, 1970 6
  Folder
Doris Sassower Correspondence, 1970 7
  Folder
Kay Klotzberger Meeting Notes, 1970 8
  Folder
Mailing Labels and Lists, 1970 9
  Folder
NAACP Notes, 1970 10
  Folder
Speeches, 1970 11
  Folder
Meeting Reports, 1970 12
  Folder
Status Reports and Memos, 1970 13
  Folder
Executive Commission, 1970 14
  Folder
Membership, 1970 15
  Folder
New York Caucus Meeting, 1972 16
  Folder
Merit Promotion Program, 1973 17

Subseries  3. Chisholm for President 

Scope and Content Notes

Shirley Chisholm, 1924-2005, was the first African American woman elected to Congress, representing New York’s 12th district from 1969-1983. In 1972, she became both the first African American and the first woman to make a serious attempt to run for President of the United States. Evansgardner was Co-Chair of Volunteers for Shirley Chisholm and helped arrange rallies and events in the Pittsburgh area. The papers in this series are evidence of Evansgardner’s involvement.

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Chisholm Presidential Campaign in Pittsburgh, 1972 18
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Planning for Rally, 1972 19
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Position Papers, 1971-1972 20-21
  Folder
List of Supporters, 1972 22
  Folder
Pennsylvania Petition, 1972 23
  Folder
Clippings, 1972 24
  Folder
Letters, Notes, and Correspondence, 1972 25
  Folder
Photographs, 1972 26
  Folder
Progressive Woman, 1972 27
  Folder
Miscellaneous, 1972 28

Subseries  4. International Women’s Year 

Scope and Content Notes

The United Nations designated 1975 International Women’s Year in an effort to address the many issues facing women worldwide. In the US, Congress named the National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year as the sponsor of 56 meetings held around the country in July, 1975. This undertaking resulted in studies, reports, and workshops on rape, insurance, the legal status of homemakers, wife abuse, and many other concerns. At the end of the year, representatives from each meeting met for the National Women’s Conference in Houston, Texas, to compare notes and created a final report outlining problems and recommendations for change, which was submitted to President Carter and Congress in 1978. The documents in this series reflect all aspects of International Women’s Year from preparation through follow-up meetings which occurred from 1972 to 1983. Records are arranged chronologically.

  BoxFolder
Mailing Lists, 1972-1975 191
  Folder
IWY Commission, 1975-1976 2
  Folder
Memos and Correspondence, 1976-1977 3
  Folder
IWY Reports, 1977 04-06
  Folder
Continuing Committee, 1977 7
  Folder
National Committee on the Observance of International Women’s Year, 1977 8
  Folder
State Officers, 1977 9
  Folder
Conference, 1978 10
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Houston, TX, 1977 11-12
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Washington, D.C., 1979 13-14
  Folder
Copenhagen, DE, 1980 15
  Folder
Louisville, KY, 1981-1982 16-17
  Folder
Detroit, MI, 1983 18

Subseries  5. Organizations 

Scope and Content Notes

Women’s groups provide support for female scientists, professionals, educators, and activists. Such groups can also contribute to a stronger presence for women within traditionally male-dominated professions or fields of study. This subseries contains information from a wide range of women’s organizations and from civil rights groups with an interest in women’s issues, 1971-1982. Files are arranged alphabetically by organization name.

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Action for Children’s Television, undated 19
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American Association of University Professors, 1971 20
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American Association of Speech and Hearing, 1969 21
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American Association of University Women, 1970-1971 22
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American Philosophical Association on the Status of Women, 1970 23
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American Sociological Association Sociologists for Women in Society, 1973 24
  Folder
Association of Feminist Consultants, 1972-1975 25-26
  Folder
Association of Women Mathematicians, 1971 27
  Folder
Association of Women in Science, 1971 28
  BoxFolder
Association of Women Psychologists, 1972 201
  Folder
Black Caucus Papers, 1972 2
  Folder
Book Find Club, 1974-1975 3
  Folder
Caucus for Political Science, 1971-1973 04-05
  Folder
Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women, 1971 6
  Folder
Commission on Civil Rights, 1973 7
  Folder
Commission on the Status of Women, undated 8
  Folder
Congress to Unite Women, 1969 9
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Federally Employed Women Conference, 1973 10
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Federation of Organizations for Professional Women, 1978 11
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Feminist Groups in Pittsburgh, 1976 12
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Fund for the Feminist Majority, 1987-1988 13
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Gulf Oil Co., 1970 14
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National Vocational Guidance, 1969 15
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League of Women Voters, 1978 16
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MLA Commission on Women, 1971 17
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National Education Association, 1970 18
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National Institute of Health, 1972-1973 19
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National Women’ s Party, 1979-1980 20
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New University Conference, 1971 21-22
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NYC Commission on Human Rights, Alternatives to Layoffs, 1975 23
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Pennsylvania Commission on the Status of Women, 1972 24
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Pennsylvania Social Services Union, undated 25
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Pittsburgh Federal Executive Board, 1972-1974 26-27
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Pittsburgh Women’s Rights Conference, 1967 28
  Folder
President’s Commission on the Status of Women, 1963 29
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San Francisco Sociologists for Women in Society, 1971-1973 30
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Socialist Workers Party, 1970 31
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Sociologists for Women in Society, 1971-1972 32
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State Employment Committee, 1972 33
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United Farm Workers, 1970 34
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United Fund of Allegheny County, 1964-1973 35-36
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UFAC Employment Committee, 1970-1971 37
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U.S. Mental Health Services, 1969 38
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United Steelworkers, 1970 39
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Welfare Independent Neighborhood Groups, undated 40
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Women Against Pornography, 1970 41
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Women’s Equality Action League, 1969 42
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Women in Anthropology, 1971-1972 43
  Folder
Women in Community Service, 1968 44
  Folder
Women in the Historical Profession, 1972-1973 45
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Women in Psychology, Mailing List, 1970 46
  BoxFolder
Women in Physics, 1972 211
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Women in Science, 1970 2
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Women in Urban Crisis, 1971-1972 3
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Women’s Caucus on Modern Languages, 1972 4
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Women’s Coordinating Council, 1972 5
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Women’s Economic Conference, 1971 6
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Women’s Health Conference, 1971 7
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Women’s Information Service, undated 8
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Women’s Law Caucus, 1970 9
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Women’s Liberation Movement, 1970 10
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Women’s Religious Caucus, 1973 11
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Women’s Rights Conference, 1970 12
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Women’s Youth Conference, 1971 13
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Women Work Wonders, undated 14
  Folder
Various Women’s Organizations, 1979 15
  Folder
Workshops and Conferences, 1971-1972 16-17
  Folder
Correspondence with Women’s Organizations, 1970-1972 18

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  VIII. Legal Topics 

Scope and Content Notes

NOW was active at every level of government and worked to eliminate sex discrimination. The organization participated in demonstrations, court cases, and proffered advice when consulted. NOW was also in constant contact with local and federal agencies designed to enforce current antidiscrimination laws. In some instances NOW was simply involved to offer support, but remained active in as many ways as possible in order to help achieve equal rights for women.

Arrangement

This series is divided into four subseries reflecting this involvement:

  • Subseries 1. Equal Rights Act
  • Subseries 2. Sex Discrimination in the Work Place
  • Subseries 3. EEOC and PHRC
  • Subseries 4. Other Legal Concerns

Subseries  1. Equal Rights Act 

Scope and Content Notes

In 1923, the Equal Rights Act (ERA) was written by Alice Paul, head of the National Women’s Party, and introduced into Congress by Senator Curtis and Representative Anthony later that year. The ERA was written in response to the 14th Amendment that granted equal rights to all men, but because of wording did not include women. It was reintroduced in every session of Congress from 1923 to 1970 and was buried or defeated every year. In 1971, the House of Representatives finally approved ERA without amendments, but the Senate did not approve it until 1972. Congress agreed to set an arbitrary time limit of seven years for ratification by the states. After much political action by NOW and other women’s groups, the deadline for ratification was extended to June 30, 1982. On the deadline date, ERA was stopped three states short of ratification. Because these three states failed to ratify ERA there is no federal protection for equal rights, and the bill is currently reintroduced into Congress every year. This subseries includes information on the Equal Rights Amendment, 1968-1982. Materials included are briefings, positions and statements from legislators, testimonies, mailings and correspondence, publications, newsclippings, and information from campaigns and rallies attempting to extend the deadline for ratification.

  Folder
House and Senate Votes, 1971 19
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HJ Resolution 208, 1971 20
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Harrisburg Hearing Notes, 1971 21
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Amendment Analysis, 1976-1978 22
  Folder
ERA Briefing, 1978 23
  Folder
Bayh Amendment, 1978 24
  Folder
Legal History, 1973-1975 25
  Folder
Illinois Laws and Legislators, 1979 26
  Folder
Division 35 and ERA, 1978 27
  Folder
McGovern and ERA, 1972 28
  Folder
Names and Issues in senate, 1978 29
  Folder
House Resolution 638, 1978 30
  Folder
Letters to State Congressmen, 1978 31
  Folder
Tally Sheet, 1978 32
  Folder
Senate Voting Records, 1978 33
  Folder
Letters From Legislators, 1978 34
  Folder
ERA Extension Resolution, 1978 35
  Folder
Correspondence Between Legislators and NOW, 1978 36
  Folder
Bumpers Mailing, 1978-1979 37
  Folder
Mailing Lists, 1978 38
  Folder
ERA Congressional Remarks, 1970-1978 39
  BoxFolder
Testimonies 2201-05
  Folder
John Mack Carter, 1970 6
  Folder
Norman Dorsen, 1970 7
  Folder
Catherine East, 1970 8
  Folder
Thomas Emerson, 1970 9
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Carol Forbes, 1970 10
  Folder
Paul Freund, 1970 11
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Fred Harris, 1972 12
  Folder

S.I. Hayakawa 

13
  Folder
Aileen Hernandez, 1971 14
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Leo Kanowitz, 1970 15
  Folder
Elizabeth Koonts, 1972 16
  Folder
Judith L. Laws, 1971 17
  Folder
Margery C. Leonard, 1970 18
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Ethel Ernest Murrell, 1970 19
  Folder
Ester Polen, 1972 20
  Folder
Marguerite Rawalt, 1970 21
  Folder
Bernice Sandler, 1970 22
  Folder
Other Testimonies, 1977-1978 23
  Folder
ERA Supporters/Extension Boycotts, 1978 24
  Folder
Various Mailings, 1970-1972 25-26
  Folder
Public Relations, 1976 27
  Folder
Support Correspondence, 1976 28
  Folder
Mailing Campaign, 1978 29
  Folder
ERA and the Draft, 1971 30-31
  Folder
ERA Impact, 1971 32
  Folder
Matter of Justice and ERA, 1971-1972 33
  Folder
ERA Ratification, 1972 34
  Folder
National Now Efforts, 1972-1974 35
  Folder
Recession, 1974 36
  Folder
More Perfect Union, The Report of the National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year, 1976 37
  BoxFolder
The Humanist, 1978 231
  Folder
ERA Reports, 1978 2
  Folder
Media Campaign, 1978 3
  Folder
Issue Information, 1978 4
  Folder
Protective Laws, 1978 5
  Folder
ERA State of Emergency, 1979 6
  Folder
Is ERA Necessary?, 1979 7
  Folder
ERA Missionary Project, 1982 8
  Folder
New York Times Magazine, 1970 9
  Folder
Passage and Ratification Clippings, 1970-1978 10-12
  Folder
Extension Clippings, 1978 13-14
  Folder
Editorials, 1974-1975 15
  Folder
Articles, 1986-1987 16
  Folder
Position Papers, 1970 17
  Folder
Anti-ERA Information, 1973-1979 18-19
  Folder
APA Conventions and Campaigns, 1975-1978 20-21
  Folder
Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Bills of Special Interest to Women, 1971 22-23
  Folder
ERA and Catholics, 1978 24
  Folder
Council for Women’s Rights, 1978 25
  Folder
Homemakers and ERA, 1978 26
  Folder
KNOW and ERA, 1970 27
  Folder
Male VIP’s, 1970 28
  Folder
ERA and Mormons, 1979-1981 29
  Folder

Nebraska NOW 

30
  Folder

RA NOW YES 

31
  Folder
NOW and Politics, 1975 32
  Folder
NOW ERA Countdown Campaign, 1982 33
  BoxFolder
State of Emergency Campaign, Washington, 1978 241
  Folder
Permission Forms, 1978 2
  Folder
Pennsylvania Campaign, 1973-1978 03-04
  Folder
Professional Women’s Caucus, 1970 5
  Folder
ERA and Religion, 1973 6
  Folder
Richmond Bus, 1978 7
  Folder
Missouri NOW ERA Lawsuit, 1978 8
  Folder
Campaign at State Levels, 1974 09-10
  Folder
Social Action, 1978 11
  Folder
Social Security, 1973 12
  Folder
Supporters, 1974 13
  Folder
Unions, 1974 14
  Folder
Oklahoma Campaign, 1982 15
  Folder
Equal Rights, 1968-1970 16
  Folder
Ratification Groups, 1968-1972 17
  Folder
May 7th Demonstration, 1969 18
  Folder
March on the Post Office, 1978 19
  Folder
July 9th Demonstration, 1979 20

Subseries  2. Sex Discrimination in the Work Place 

Scope and Content Notes

Sex discrimination in the workplace, specifically in job advertisements, hiring, and actual positions held once hired, was a particular interest of Evansgardner and Gardner and they participated in several court cases surrounding these issues. Most notable are NOW v. Pittsburgh Press, Cease v. A & P, Weeks v. Bell, and Sharon Johnson v. University of Pittsburgh. NOW v. Pittsburgh Press was a court case in the early 1970’s dealing with sex discrimination in want ads. NOW fought to compel the  Pittsburgh Press to eliminate discriminatory headings because want ads were being published under headings listing gender qualifications and, within these headings, were stereotypical job ads. For example, technical jobs were listed under the "Male" heading while clerical jobs were listed under the "Female" heading. On the rare occasion that a job was listed under both headings, there were significant differences in pay scales. Cease v. A & P and Weeks v. Bell were two cases, also in the 1970’s, in which women were being discriminated against after they were hired. The two companies were discriminating in the areas of: job classification, compensation, seniority, promotions, scheduling and overtime, benefits and terms and conditions of employment. Sharon Johnson v. University of Pittsburgh was a case in the 1970’s concerning the issue of tenure denial based on gender. This subseries includes research, correspondence, laws, ordinances and guidelines, press, and statements and positions.

  Folder
Correspondence and Clippings, 1969-1970 21
  Folder
Reports on the Division of Employment Advertisements Based on Sex, 1969-1970 22-27
  Folder
Pittsburgh Press Correspondence and Clippings, 1972 28
  Folder
Pitt News Announcement and Advertisements, 1969 29
  Folder
Clippings- Employment Discrimination Based on Sex, 1969-1972 30-33
  Folder
New York Times Clippings, 1971-1975 34-35
  BoxFolder
Clippings- Employment Discrimination Based on Sex, 1969-1972 2501-05
  Folder
Documentation, Correspondence and Articles about Sex Discrimination in Want Ads, 1969 06-10
  Folder
Female Government Employee Studies, 1967-1968 11-13
  Folder
Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, Correspondence, 1969 14
  Folder
Letters to Local Corporations Who Place Help Wanted Ads, 1969 15
  Folder
Gerry Gardner to the Editor of the Pittsburgh Press, 1971 16
  Folder
Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission to Pennsylvania Governor, 1973 17
  Folder
Letters to Pittsburgh Press, 1969-1970 18
  Folder
Gerry Gardner to University of Pittsburgh, 1969-1973 19
  Folder
Want-Ad Segregation across U.S., 1973-1974 20
  Folder
Ordinances and Guidelines, 1969 21
  Folder
Pittsburgh Ordinance, 1969 22
  Folder
Case Judgment, 1971 23
  Folder
Supreme Court and Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania Decision, 1971-1973 24
  Folder
Common Pleas Court of Allegheny County Decision, 1971-1972 25
  Folder
Human Relations Ordinances, 1967 26
  Folder
Employment Discrimination Ordinances from Other Cities, 1969 27-28
  Folder
Legislation, 1965-1970 29-31
  BoxFolder
Sex Discrimination, 1969 261
  Folder
U.S. House Bills and Petitions, 1969 2
  Folder
History of Pittsburgh Press Case, 1985 3
  Folder
Demonstration Handout, 1969 4
  Folder
Correspondence and Clippings Concerning Case, 1969-1972 05-10
  Folder
Pittsburgh Press Exhibit, 1969 11
  Folder
Gerald H.F. Gardner Law Correspondence and Statements, 1974 12
  Folder
EEOC Guidelines, 1967-1969 13
  Folder
NOW Report to the Human Relations Commission, 1969 14
  Folder
Legal correspondence and Petitions, 1972-1977 15-20
  Folder
A & P Seniority Lists, 1972 21
  Folder
Mailing Lists, 1977 22
  Folder
Phone Lists, undated 23
  Folder
Pamphlets, 1978 24
  Folder
Records of Meetings, 1972 25
  Folder
Correspondence Regarding Case, 1972-1978 26-29
  Folder
Clippings and Newsletters, 1979 30
  Folder
Case Notes, 1978 31
  Folder
CEASE Public Relations, 1978 32
  Folder
PHRC Reports and Correspondence, 1978 33
  Folder
Legal Documents, 1972 34
  Folder
National Labor Relations Board, undated 35
  BoxFolder
Equal Employment Study, 1968 271
  Folder
Federal Contract Compliance Orders, 1969 2
  Folder
EEOC v. AT&T, 1970 03-04
  Folder
AT&T Rates and Employment for Pittsburgh, 1970 5
  Folder
Case Statement, Bell Telephone, 1971 6
  Folder
Supervisors Training, 1970 7
  Folder
Action Coordinators, 1970 8
  Folder
Helen Reig Correspondence, 1971 9
  Folder
George Sape Correspondence, 1971 10
  Folder
Case Planning Notes, 1971 11
  Folder
Protest Mailings, 1971 12
  Folder
NOW Plan for Case, 1971 13
  Folder
Documents, Correspondence, and Memos, 1971 14
  Folder
Decision, 1971 15
  Folder

Press Releases ,1971 

16
  Folder
Clippings, 1971-1973 17
  Folder
NOW Chapter Actions, 1971 18
  Folder
Bell Telephone Company of PA, 1971-1974 19
  Folder
Telephone Rate Structure Report, 1972 20
  Folder
Affirmation Action Plan for SW PA Bell, 1972 21
  Folder
Utility Complaint Forms, 1972 22
  Folder
Correspondence and Settlement Documents, 1973 23
  Folder
PHRC v. Rueben H. Donnelly Corporation and Bell Telephone, 1973 24
  Folder
NOW against Phone Company Discrimination, 1971 25
  Folder
Bell Affirmation Action Model Plan, 1973 26
  Folder
Statement, 1970 27
  Folder
AT&T Information, 1970 28
  Folder
Nelson, Bell Telephone Co. Conciliation Agreement, 1973 29
  Folder
Legal Documents, 1973 30
  Folder
Court Records, 1973-1977 31-32
  Folder
Heinz Letter for Sharon Johnson, 1971 33
  Folder
Correspondence and Clippings, 1971-1977 34-38
  Folder
Ina Braden, 1967 39
  Folder
Hew Clippings, 1971 40
  Folder
Committee for Affirmative Action in Universities, 1975 41

Subseries  3. EEOC and PHRC 

Scope and Content Notes

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission (PHRC) are two organizations that work to eliminate discrimination based on sex, color, race, or religion. When a person has a complaint toward an employer or other individual, these organizations work to investigate the charge. If it is determined that discrimination did, in fact, occur, it is the responsibility of these associations to enforce antidiscrimination laws. While the EEOC works on the federal level, complaints must be reviewed by local organizations before they can legally conduct their own investigations. In the early 1970s, NOW accused PHRC of improperly handling investigations, encouraging complainants to accept lower results, and discriminating against its own employees. As a result of this accusation, an appeal to investigate PHRC was presented to Governor Thornburgh. This subseries includes general information, complaints, and information relating to the investigation of PHRC.

  Folder

Women’s Labor Law 

42
  Folder
Correspondence, 1969-1971 43
  BoxFolder
Correspondence/Articles, 1969-1976 2801-02
  Folder
Carswell Nomination Statement, 1970 3
  Folder
Miscellaneous Clippings, 1970 4
  Folder
Female Employment Statistics, 1970-1974 5
  Folder
PA NOW and Employment Discrimination, 1970-1973 6
  Folder
Job Rights for Women in Pennsylvania, 1972 7
  Folder
Available Positions, Pittsburgh Area Businesses, 1972 8
  Folder
Corporate Advertisements from GE and Quality Inn, 1973 9
  Folder
Employment Clippings, 1974 10
  Folder
Allegheny county Budget and Employment Stats, 1974 11-13
  Folder
Affirmative Enforcement Project and Affirmative Response Employment, 1976 14
  Folder
Affirmative Action, Duquesne Light, 1976 15
  Folder
Pittsburgh Press, Employment Advertisement Dispute, 1977 16
  Folder
Changes to Labor Laws since 1966, 1977 17
  Folder
Publications and Reports, 1978 18
  Folder
Federal Equality Laws, 1978 19
  Folder
NOW and Employment Discrimination, 1972-1978 20
  Folder
Press Release, 1973 21
  Folder
Laws about EEOC, 1964-1972 22
  Folder
Compliance Workshop Kit, 1972 23
  Folder
Gardner v. EEOC, 1972 24-25
  Folder
Letters of Complaints, 1972-1973 26
  Folder
Newsletter, 1973 27
  Folder
EEOC Jobs, 1973 28
  Folder
Correspondence, 1973-1974 29-30
  Folder
Rapid Charge Processing Manual, undated 31
  Folder
Supreme Court Decisions, 1974 32
  Folder
EEOC Symposium, 1976 33
  Folder
Miscellaneous, 1973-1975 34
  Folder
Reports, 1972-1974 35
  Folder
Bill Brock, 1972 36
  Folder
Affirmative Action Program, 1972 37
  Folder
News Release, 1973 38
  BoxFolder
PHRC Bill of Rights, 1977 291
  Folder
Staff Bulletin and Civil Service Act, 1976-1977 2
  Folder
Committee Meeting Minutes, 1977 03-04
  Folder
Training Program, 1978 5
  Folder
Contract Compliance Program, 1975 6
  Folder
Pattern and Practice Committee, 1976 7
  Folder
Letters, Testimonies, and Pamphlets, 1974 08-09
  Folder
Projects and Reports, 1974 10
  Folder
Pittsburgh Human Relations Council, 1965-1972 11
  Folder
PA State Human Relations, 1971-1972 12
  Folder
Sears Roebuck and Co., 1971 13
  Folder
List of PHRC Complaints, 1972-1973 14
  Folder
Pittsburgh Cases Based on Sex, 1972 15
  Folder
PHRC v. Nabisco, 1975 16
  Folder
Mrs. Celeste R. Humphries, 1975 17
  Folder
Crystal Newcomer, 1978 18
  Folder
Dixie White, President of NOW, 1979 19
  Folder
Mary Grom, 1978 20
  Folder
Margaret Martin, 1977 21-22
  Folder
Bill of Rights for Complainants to the PHRC, 1977 23
  Folder
Rev. Donald W. McIlvane, 1977 24
  Folder
PHRC v. Thorp, Reed, and Armstrong, 1975 25
  Folder
PHRC v. City of Beaver Falls, 1974 26
  Folder
New Sex Amendment to PHRC Act, undated 27
  Folder
Statement- NOW to the Commissioner’s of the PHRC, 1972 28
  Folder
Information on NOW wanting Investigation of PHRC, undated 29
  Folder
Gerald Gardner’s Drafts of Statements, undated 30
  Folder
James Simms Correspondence, 1972 31
  Folder
Attacks on PHRC Clippings, 1973 32
  Folder
Evansgardner Interview for Position and PHRC, 1974 33
  Folder
PHRC Committee Members, 1977 34
  Folder
PHRC Affirmative Action/Equal Employment Opportunity Policy Statement, 1977 35
  Folder
PHRC Presentation by Joann Evansgardner, 1977 36
  Folder
Commissioners Meeting, 1977 37-38
  Folder
Plan of Action for Proposed PHRC Committee: Phase One, undated 39
  Folder
NOW/PHRC Executive Committee, 1979 40
  Folder
Letter to Governor Shapp, undated 41

Subseries  4. Other Legal Concerns 

Scope and Content Notes

NOW and Evansgardner were interested in all types of sex discrimination and did not limit themselves to discrimination in the workplace. They corresponded with several individuals and provided support and suggestions in a variety of situations, including sex discrimination in the public schools. They also kept current with court cases and laws and opinions related to sex discrimination throughout the 1970’s. Evansgardner also participated in several of her own court cases. After PHRC awarded a position she had applied for to a less qualified male candidate, Evansgardner accused the commission of sex discrimination. This subseries includes materials relating to legal disputes within NOW, court documents, correspondence, photos, and legal documents such as bills and orders.

  Folder
Murphy’s Negotiations, 1972 42
  Folder
Court Decisions, 1972-1973 43
  Folder
Miscellaneous, 1972-1973 44
  Folder
Complainants Seeking Help from NOW, undated 45
  Folder
Bakke Case- Clippings, 1978 46
  Folder
NOW Lawsuits Against Various Organizations, 1975 47
  Folder
Eleanor Smeal, et al v. NOW, 1975 48
  Folder
NOW and Karen Secrest v. PA Bureau of Employment Security, 1975 49
  Folder
NOW in Various Cases, 1974-1977 50
  Folder
Supreme Court Cases Involving NOW and Evansgardner, 1977 51-52
  BoxFolder
Evansgardner v. Westinghouse 3001-03
  Folder
Compliance Letter, 1975 4
  Folder
NOW Agreement with Westinghouse Broadcasting Co., Inc., undated 5
  Folder
Pennsylvania State Board of Education, 1979 6
  Folder
NOW Lawsuits, 1980-1981; 1986 07-08
  Folder
Photos of Evansgardner and Mayor Caliguiri, 1977 9
  Folder
Port Authority of Allegheny County Lawsuits, 1973-1974 11-12
  Folder
Brown v. Brown, 1969 13
  Folder
JoAnn Evansgardner’s Complaint Against Pittsburgh District Office, 1972 14
  Folder
Evansgardner and the EEOC, 1972 15
  Folder
Evansgardner’s Sex Discrimination Case, 1972 16
  Folder
Compliance Monthly Report, 1972 17
  Folder
Jameson v. TWA, 1973 18
  Folder
Margaret A. Harris v. Civil Service Commission for Allegheny Police and Firemen, 1973 19
  Folder
Oskoui vs. University of Pittsburgh; Sanday v. CMU, 1973 20-21
  Folder
Jo Samuel v. University of Pittsburgh, 1973 22
  Folder
Court Decisions, 1974 23
  Folder
Sandra Wetzel and Mari Ross v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., 1975 24
  Folder
Prandini v. National Tea Company, 1975-1976 25-26
  Folder
Commonwealth Court Decision on Interrogatories, 1976 27
  Folder
Commonwealth of Pa., et al v. Peter Flaherty, 1976 28
  Folder
Phyllis M. Cropp v. Allegheny Ludlum Industries, 1977 29
  Folder
Mary Grom v. The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, Inc., 1977 30
  Folder
Student committee to Defend Dr. Paul Nyden, 1977 31
  Folder
Mary Sacriponte Arbitration Case, 1977 32
  Folder
Rostker v. Goldberg, 1980 33
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Supreme Court Case on Women’s Rights and Civil Rights, 1986 34
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House Bills, 1969-1972 35-36
  BoxFolder
Williams Bill Title VII, 1972 311
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Pennsylvania Court Opinions about Discrimination, 1973 2
  Folder
Revised Order #4, 1974 3
  Folder
Ordinance 75, 1975 4
  Folder
Suburb Ruling and Petition, 1977 5
  Folder
Louise A. Taylor Grievance, 1977 6
  Folder
Harriet Schwartz and Bonnie Price Complaint, 1977 7
  Folder
House Bill 678, 1977 8
  Folder
Senate Bill no. 321, 1979 9
  Folder
Commission for Responsive Democracy, 1991 10

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  IX. Research Topics/Subject Files 

Scope and Content Notes

Evansgardner and Gardner kept extensive research files on many feminist and other issues, as well as a card catalog of possible resources such as books, journals, and names and phone numbers of contacts. These files provide more detail and background information and are most helpful when used in conjunction with other series. With the exception of documents relating to Black Feminism and Male Feminism, which have their own sections, files are arranged alphabetically by subject.

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Draft of Gardner Speech on Basics of Feminism, undated 11
  Folder
Women’s Project Report, 1978 12
  Folder
Reports on Various Women’s Issues, 1969-1973 13-14
  Folder
Reports on Equal Rights, 1971 15
  Folder
Women’s Conference Study, 1978 16
  Folder
Activism, 1977 18
  Folder
Women Management, 1970 19
  Folder
Directories of Businesses Owned by Women and Minorities, 1978 20
  Folder
Collection of Information on Women’s Issues, 1978 21
  Folder
Women in Insurance Industry, 1971 22
  Folder
Professional Opportunities for Women, 1972 23
  Folder
Feminist Ideology, 1971-1974 24-25

Subseries Black Feminism 

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Attempt to Eliminate Affirmative Action, 1996 26
  Folder
Black Women in Women’s Movement, 1967; 1970 27
  Folder
Minority and Women’s Rights Questionnaire, 1973 28
  Folder

Journal- Black Women 

29
  Folder
Black Feminist Conference, 1972; 1976 30
  BoxFolder
Black Feminist Conference, 1972; 1976 321
  Folder
Black Women’s Association, 1972 2
  Folder
Black Women Biography, 1977 3
  Folder
Books for Black Women, 1972 4
  Folder
Black Economists, 1971 5
  Folder
Racism Memos, 1975 6
  Folder
Krystal Brent Zook, 1995 7
  Folder
Journals on Women and Racial Issues, 1974-1979 8
  Folder
Ruth Frankenburg, 1993 9

Subseries Male Feminism 

  Folder
Male and Female Readings, 1973-1977 10
  Folder
Sexism and Men, 1974 11
  Folder
Kansas City Male Feminists, 1974 12
  Folder
Male Liberation, 1974-1975 13
  Folder
Male Feminism Fliers, 1975 14
  Folder
Male Feminism Articles, 1975 15
  Folder
Feminism Fact sheets, 1975 16
  Folder
Men’s Feminism Guide, 1976 17
  Folder
Intelligent Man’s Guide to Feminism, 1976 18
  Folder
Feminism Workshop for Men, 1976 19
  Folder
Double F, A Magazine on Male Effeminism, 1976 20
  Folder
Men’s Collective Conference, 1978 21
  Folder
Male Questionnaire, 1979 22

Subseries Racism 

  Folder
Black Consumer Market, 1977 23
  Folder
Black Power, 1974 24
  Folder
Born to be Unemployed, 1971 25
  Folder
Civil Rights and Communities Journals, 1967-1973 26
  Folder
Combating Racism Kit, 1984 27
  Folder
Eliminating Racism Workshop, 1977 28
  Folder
Eliminating Racism, 1979 29
  Folder
Ethnic Issues, 1966-1970 30
  Folder
Institutional Racism, 1975-1976 31
  Folder
Institutional Racism Fact Sheets, 1973-1979 32
  Folder
Ku Klux Klan, 1979 33
  Folder
McIntosh, Peggy, 1988-1992 34
  Folder
Index of Militancy, 1974 35
  Folder
The Militant, 1969 36
  Folder
Report of the Minority Rights Group, 1971 37
  Folder
NAACP, 1970 38
  Folder
Prejudice Report, 1970 39
  Folder
Psychology and Racism in Society, 1973 40
  Folder
Psychological Effects of Racism, 1974 41
  Folder
Racial Issues Clippings, 1973-1979 42
  Folder
South Hills Association for Racial Equality, 1973 43
  Folder
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, 1974 44
  Folder
Wetherby, Phyllis, undated 45
  Folder
YWCA, 1978 46

Subseries Subject Files 

  BoxFolder
Abortion, 1971 331
  Folder
Age Discrimination, 1978 2
  Folder
American Council on Education, 1972 3
  Folder

Beauty Contests- Clippings 

4
  Folder
Bell Telephone, 1969, 1972 5
  Folder
Carolyn Shaw Bell, 1973 6
  Folder
Berman, Edgar, 1970 7
  Folder
Jessie Bernard, 1970 8
  Folder
Birth Control, 1969-1970 9
  Folder
Nancy Boweller Campaign, 1969 10
  Folder
Brazil, 1972 11
  Folder
Business and Professional Women, 1970 12
  Folder
Business Ownership Among Women, undated 13
  Folder
Canadian Commission on Women, 1970 14
  Folder
Carter, Angela, 1987 15
  Folder
Cattel’s Memorial, 1971 16
  Folder

Changing Discrimination 

17
  Folder
Correspondence, Chancellor Posvar, August 1975 18
  Folder
Chatham Conference, 1969 19
  Folder
Child Care, 1971-1973 20
  Folder
Children’s Literature, 1970 21
  Folder
Civil Rights Memos, 1970’s 22
  Folder

Clippings 

23
  Folder
Clinical Child Psychology, 1970 24
  Folder
Clothing Styles, 1970-1971 25
  Folder
Colgate Campaign, undated 26
  Folder
Common Cause, undated 27
  Folder
Communes, undated 28
  Folder
Community College Handouts, 1975 29
  Folder
Connections Newsletter, 1970 30
  Folder
Consciousness Raising and Small Groups, 1971-1973 31
  Folder
Cooper for Senate, 1978 32
  Folder

Co-op, 1971 

33
  Folder

Corporations and Computerization 

35
  Folder
Counseling, 1970-1973 36
  Folder
Credit, 1972 37
  Folder
Correspondence, Phyllis M. Cropp, June 21, 1975 38
  Folder
Correspondence, Dickler, Florence, 1970 39
  Folder

Davis, Angela, 1971 

40
  Folder
Discrimination in Education, 1970-1973 41
  Folder
Discrimination Memorandums, 1974-1978 42
  Folder

Divorce Laws 

43
  Folder
Draft, 1971 44
  Folder
Economics of Women’s Place, 1968 45
  Folder
Economic Proprieties Report, 1972 46
  Folder
EEOC, 1970-1971 47
  Folder
Elementary School, 1970 48
  Folder
Employment, 1967-1971 49-50
  Folder
Encounter Groups, 1971 51
  Folder
Ehrlich, Ruth, 1971 52
  Folder
Fair Labor Standards Act, 1970 53
  Folder
Families, 1970-1971 54
  Folder
Famous Women, 1970 55
  BoxFolder
Federal and State Labor Laws 341
  Folder
Feminism, International, 1971 2
  Folder
Feminist Studies, 1971 3
  Folder
Sonia Pressman Fuentes, 1977 5
  Folder
Fundraisers, 1969 6
  Folder
Gallop Polls, 1970 7
  Folder

Gas Employees Union, Local 666 

8
  Folder
Gerald Gardner Correspondence, Northern Ireland, 1969 9
  Folder

Gerald Gardner Correspondence 

10
  Folder
Girl Scouts, 1970 11
  Folder
Government Executive Article, 1969 12
  Folder
Governor’s Commission: Reports on the Status of Women, 1967-1969 13
  Folder
Green, Edith, August 9, 1970 14
  Folder
Green, Edith, House Bill Sec. 805, HR. 16098, 1970 15
  Folder
Correspondence, Greyhound, July 10, 1975 16
  Folder
Griffiths, Martha W. Congressional Record, Speeches on EEOC, 1966; 1970 17
  Folder
Help Wanted Ads and Sex Segregation, 1969-1971 18
  Folder
Henley, David, 1977 19
  Folder
Hernandez, Aileen, 1974-1976 20
  Folder
Herndon, Calvin C., Resume, 1970 21
  Folder
High School Women, Rights and Social Studies, Various Publications, 1970-1971 22
  Folder
History of Women’s Lib in PA, 1971 23
  Folder

Holt, John 

24
  Folder
Home Rule, 1972 25
  Folder
Household Employment, 1969-1971 26
  Folder
Humor, Cartoons and Articles, 1970 27
  Folder
Images of Women, 1970-1972 28
  Folder
INSTAD, Pamphlets and Correspondence, 1971 29
  Folder
Intellectuals, Newspaper Articles, July 12, 1970 30
  Folder

Correspondence, International Institute of Women’s Studies 

31
  Folder
IRVIS Report, 1977 32
  Folder
JoAnn Evansgardner Correspondence, 1970-1977 33
  Folder
JoAnn Gardner Newspaper Clippings, 1969 34
  Folder
Jobs, Advertisements, and Job Finding Techniques, 1971 35
  Folder
Keller, Helen, Biographical Article, 1971 36
  Folder
Labor Unions, Positions on Women, 1970-1971 37
  Folder
League of Women Voters, Pittsburgh Area, 1970-1972 38
  Folder
Legal Rights, General, Pamphlets, 1968 39
  Folder
Legal Rights, 1971 40
  Folder
Legal Rights, Marital and Family Law, 1970-1971 41
  Folder
Legal Rights, Wives, 1970-1971 42
  Folder
Lesbians and Society, 1971 43
  Folder
Letter, 1980 44
  Folder
Local Government and Housing, 1971 45
  Folder
Correspondence, Macy, John W., 1970 46
  Folder
Maggie Martin Materials, May-June, 1977 47
  Folder
Martin, Marietta Case, 1971 48
  Folder
Maternity Benefits, 1970 49
  Folder
Math Skills and Testing, 1968-1969 50
  Folder
Media and Women, 1969-11971 51
  Folder
Medicine, 1970-1971 52
  Folder
Memos, 1977 53
  Folder
Mental Health of Women, 1969-1971 54
  Folder
Military, 1971 55
  Folder
Misogynism, 1971 56
  Folder
Moynihan Report, 1966-1967 57
  Folder

AACP 

58
  Folder
National Women’s Party, undated 59
  Folder
New York Times Article, Women Strike for Equality, 1970 60
  Folder
Newspaper Article, 1972 61
  Folder
Miscellaneous News Clippings, 1970 62
  Folder
Newsclippings, 1981-1982 63
  Folder

Newspaper Clippings 

64
  Folder
Newspaper Articles, 1970 65
  Folder
Nursing and Medicine, 1970 66
  Folder
NWRD, Adequate Income Plan, 1970 67
  Folder
New University Conference, 1969 68
  Folder
Ohlbaum, Judy, Dissertation on Personality Characteristics of Women, 1969 69
  Folder
Ordinances, 1969 70
  BoxFolder
Patterns of Feminist Action, 1970 351
  Folder
Pegged in Place, 1970 2
  Folder
Peace and Anti-War Movement, 1970-1971 3
  Folder
Pennsylvania Feminists, 1971 4
  Folder
Pennsylvania Programs for Women and Girl Offenders, 1974 5
  Folder
Pharmacists, Women, undated 6
  Folder
Pittsburgh Association for the Advancement of Women (PAAW), course listings, undated 7
  Folder
Poetry by Women, 1971 8
  Folder
Police Complaints, ACLU, 1969 9
  Folder
Policing and Women, 1972 10
  Folder
Politics, Women in, 1970-1972 11
  Folder
Population and Birth Control, 1969-1970 12
  Folder
Poverty, Articles and Pamphlets, 1967-1971 13
  Folder
President’s Task Force on Women’s Rights and Responsibilities, 1969-1970 14
  Folder
Pressman, Sonia, EEOC Lawyer, 1969 15
  Folder
Problems of American Society Press, Washington Square Press, 1969 16
  Folder
Profession Status Reports, 1970 17
  Folder
Publications, 1977 18
  Folder
Miscellaneous Publications, 1971-1972 19
  Folder
Public Welfare Studies, 1973 20
  Folder

Publications 

21-23
  Folder
Publishing, Women and Professions, 1971 24
  Folder

Racism Research 

25
  Folder
Radical Women’s Literature Conference, undated 26
  Folder
Radical Women Seattle Washington, 1971 27
  Folder
Rankin, Jeanette, 1968-1969 28
  Folder
Rape, NYC Radical Feminists Conference, 1971 29
  Folder
Ravings, Anti-Feminist, 1970-1971 30
  Folder
Red Stockings Literature, 1969 31
  Folder
Religion; Articles, Clippings, Pamphlets, Correspondence, 1968-1971 32
  Folder
Sex Discrimination, 1972-1975 33
  Folder
Sexism in Language, 1970 34
  Folder

Sexism Checklists 

35
  Folder
Jane Wells Schooley, 1984 36
  Folder
Science, Women in, undated 37
  Folder
Secretary, undated 38
  Folder
Self Defense, Women, 1970 39
  Folder
Seneca Falls Convention, Resolutions, 1959 40
  Folder
Seneca Falls Convention Packet, 1982 41
  Folder
Sex Bias, undated 42
  Folder
Sex Differences, Articles and Clippings, 1968-1972 43
  Folder
Sex Education, Clippings and Conference Bulletins, 1969-1970 44
  Folder
Sex Role Stereotypes, 1969 45
  Folder
Sexism, 1970 46
  Folder
Sexuality, 1970-1971, Clippings 47
  Folder
J.B. Schneewind, 1970 48
  Folder
Shaler Area School District Collective Bargaining Agreement, July 1, 1974 49
  BoxFolder
Single Women, 1970 361
  Folder
Source Book Press, 1970 2
  Folder
South, 1970-1971 3
  Folder
Stanton, Elizabeth Cody, undated 4
  Folder
Statistics, 1969-1972 05-06
  Folder
Allegheny County EEOC Stats, April 9, 1974 7
  Folder
Statistics, Virginia Slims Poll, 1972 8
  Folder
Status of Women in Librarianship, 1970 9
  Folder
Stone, Lucy, undated 11
  Folder
Straws Editor’s Report, 1970 12
  Folder
Tapes, Women’s, 1971 13
  Folder

T.E.A.C.H.E.R.S. 

14
  Folder
Television, 1969 15
  Folder
Testing, National Conference, 1973 16
  Folder
Tests, Psychological and Educational, 1971 17
  Folder
Theater, 1971 18
  Folder
Toys, 1972 19
  Folder

Sojourner Truth 

20
  Folder
U.S. Department of HEW, Women in Higher Education, 1971 21
  Folder
Labor Department, 1971 22
  Folder
U.S. Labor Department, Labor Legislation, 1970 23
  Folder
Women’s Articles, 1977 24
  Folder

Women and Professions, Lawyer 

25
  Folder

Women and Professions, Librarians 

26
  Folder
Women in Leadership, 1973 27
  Folder

Women’s Heritage Series 

28
  Folder

Women’s Journals 

29
  Folder
Women’s Strike, August 36, 1970 30
  Folder
World Fellowship Center Summer Program, 1970 31
  Folder
Zero Population Growth, 1970-1971 32
  Folder
Evansgardner Council Race, 1972 33
  Folder
Evansgardner for Council, 1973 34
  Folder
Brochures, Evansgardner runs for Council, undated 35
  Folder
Color Problems, 1969-1970 36
  Folder
U.S. Department of Labor, Marital and Family Characteristics of Workers, 1968-1969 37
  Folder
Exploding the Myth, 1966 38

Return to Table of Contents »


Series  X. Publications 

Scope and Content Notes

Evansgardner and Gardner kept files of publications that they used as references throughout their involvement with women’s issues. Along with Evansgardner’s personal card catalog of publications, this series contains articles, pamphlets, magazines, and newsletters dealing with feminism and racism, 1968-1975.

  Folder
Miscellaneous publications, 1968-1975 39
  Folder

Farrell, Warren T. "The Resocialization of Men’s Attitudes Toward women’s Role in Society" 

40
  Folder
Article- A Bright Woman is Caught in a Double Bird, Matina Horner, 1969 41
  Folder
Facts Concerning Women, 1969 42
  Folder

Pamphlet, Goodbye to All That 

43
  Folder
Washington Monthly, 1970 44
  Folder
Alumni Times, 1973 45
  Folder
Pamphlet, Free Joan Bird, 1970 46
  Folder
Pamphlet, What Everyone Should Know About Black Americans, 1970 47
  Folder
Magazine, The Hard Times, 1972 48
  Folder
Article- Your Business is Her Business, 1970 49
  Folder
University of Pittsburgh, Opportunities for women, 1970 50
  Folder
Magazine, The New Republic, 1970 51
  Folder
Newsletter, Link-up, 1970 52
  Folder
Newsletters, Westside Center News and LA Women’s Center Newsletter, 1972 53
  Folder
Miscellaneous Flyers and Publications, 1970-1971 54
  Folder
Underutilization of Women Workers, 1971 55
  Folder
Article- Spotlight on top Career Workers for the US, 1970 56
  Folder
Pamphlet- Help Wanted…or is it?, 1968 57
  Folder
Article- Bringing the National Board Closer to Membership, undated 58
  Folder
The Allegheny Feminist, 1977 59
  Folder
Analogy with Blacks, 1969 60
  BoxFolder
Card Catalog of Feminist Books, 1972 371
  Folder

Pittsburgh East 

2
  Folder

The Pittsburgh News Sun 

3
  Folder
Pittsburgh Press, How They Voted, 1969 4
  Folder
Pittsburgh Catholic, 1969 5
  Folder
Peer Perspective, 1981 6
  Folder
The Status of Women Articles, 1978 7
  Folder
Civil Rights, 1967 8
  Folder
Wisconsin Women, Newsletter, 1973 9
  Folder

Do It NOW Correspondence 

10
  Folder

Pittsburgh Newsletter Correspondence 

11
  Folder
Pittsburgh NOW Newsletters, 1970 12
  Folder
NOW Newsletters, 1979 13
  Folder
PA NOW Newsletters, 1973 14
  Folder
Newsletters, 1978-1979 15

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Series  XI. Oversized Posters 

Scope and Content Notes

This series includes two folders containing 60 political, feminist, pro-choice, campaign, and demonstration posters collected by Evansgardner and Gardner.

  Map-caseDrawer

Oversize Posters (60 items) 

814

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